23/07/08 (B457) LDDH / Sur l’insécurité des humanitaires en République de la Somalie occupée par les forces Ethiopiennes.



Le Président

DIFFUSION D’INFORMATION
DU 21 JUILLET 2008
Sur l’insécurité des humanitaires en République de la Somalie occupée par les forces Ethiopiennes.

La Ligue Djiboutienne des Droits Humains (LDDH) lance un Appel pressant à la Communauté internationale pour enquêter rapidement sur la situation dramatique dans notre Sous Région.

Elle demande la constitution d’une Commission d’Enquête internationale, sous l’égide de la CPI en vue de connaître l’ampleur des crimes contre l’humanité et le génocide du peuple Somalie par les Forces Ethiopiennes en général, et en particulier sur les crimes ciblés contre les humanitaires, les journalistes et les Défenseurs des Droits de l’Homme en Somalie du Sud.

M. NOEL ABDI Jean-Paul

_____________________________________________________
EAST AND HORN OF AFRICA
HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS NETWORK

Public Statement
EHAHRD-Net Index SOM 024/ 005/ 2008
18th July 2008

Kampala: EHAHRDP-Net condemns increasing targeting of members of the Somali human rights community and organizes evacuation of Eleven (11) activists.

The East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Network (EHAHRDP-Net) is concerned about the current insecurity facing an increasing number of human rights organizations in Somalia, notably a number of its key partners amongst the Somali human rights community.

Most recently, the staff of the Coalition for Grassroots Women Organization (COGWO), a prominent coalition of women’s rights organizations based in Mogadishu and member of EHAHRD-Net, received a series of death threats accusing them of being ‘infidels’ as a result of their efforts to empower women.

On 9th July, COGWO was amongst a list of organizations named in a threatening letter that was published and posted in several public places across Mogadishu.

It is not yet clear who the authors of these threats are. Some of the other organizations threatened on the list are MSF Holland and Care among others.

On the 13th July 2008, a local F.M radio station in Mogadishu, broadcast an interview in which an anonymous interviewee threatened to kill COGWO staff members in particular and human rights activists in general. The organization also received a series of menacing emails notably one on the 15th July in which the Chairperson of COGWO, Ms Sharifa Adow, was personally threatened by whom they believe to be members of the Al-Shabab militia group.

These threats are of particular concern given the current climate, i.e. the recent harassment, kidnapping and targeted assassination of aid workers as well as peace and human rights workers that has greatly increased.

July alone has seen, amongst others, the killing of the head of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Somalia, Osman Ali Ahmed and, more recently, the killing on Friday 11th July, of Mohamed Mohamud Khayre, Deputy Director of Daryeel Bulsho Guud (DBG), a local humanitarian organisation. DBG was amongst the organisations named on the target list.

« Over the past year, systematic attacks against journalists have become an everyday reality in Somalia; we are now witnessing a similar situation for other human rights defenders. It is becoming almost impossible for HRDs to carry on with their legitimate work in Somalia which further affects the already dire situation facing the civilian population. We are deeply concerned about the safety and security of our Network members and are keen to ensure that they receive the protection and support which they need to continue their vital work whether in Somalia or in exile if need be » said Hassan Shire Sheikh, Chairperson of EHAHRD-Net.

Other members of key human rights organisations notably of the Peace and Human Rights Network (PHRN) and Dr Ismael Jumale Human Rights Centre (DIJHRC), are currently also at risk as a result of an increasingly insecure situation in Mogadishu and the targeted threats against human rights activists.

Given this situation and fearing for the safety and lives of the eleven COGWO staff members, EHAHRDP has organized their evacuation from Somalia. EHAHRD-Net appeals to the authorities of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG):

a.. To abide by its responsibility of ensuring the protection of human rights
defenders and notably their right to life as stipulated in the Transitional
Federal Charter and in numerous international human rights instruments to which Somalia is party;

b.. To investigate in an impartial manner the recent killings of human rights defenders and humanitarian workers;

c.. To ensure that those responsible for this killing are brought to justice and accorded a fair, independent and impartial trial.

EHAHRD-Net appeals to other key stakeholders•

To ensure that human rights defenders in dire situation receive the necessary emergency support they require and that those in exile are given the means to continue their legitimate and essential work.

Finally EHAHRD-Net calls upon the UN, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights and all other concerned international humanitarian bodies:

a.. To ensure that independent and impartial accountability mechanisms which
conform to international standards are put in place in order to bring an end to
impunity in Somalia and to ensure that those responsible for current and past
violations are brought to justice.

All Network members are encouraged to write to the Somali authorities furthering
this appeal.

Send appeals to:

The Somali Ambassador in Kenya, asking for them to be forwarded to :
Somalia’s President, Col. Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed: TFG
Ambassador, Mohamed Ali Nur,

PO Box 623-00606
Jabavu Road, Hurlingham
Nairobi, Kenya
Email: mali@somaliembassy.co.ke

Salutation: Dear Sir

For further information, please contact:
Ms Laetitia Bader, Human Rights Officer at advocacy@defenddefenders.org or
+256-775-141756 or call Mr Hassan Shire Sheikh, EHAHRD-Net Chairperson,
directly on +1 905 626 0911
Laetitia Bader
Human Rights Officer
East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project
Human Rights House, Plot 1853 Lulume Rd., Nsambya
P.O. Box 70356 Kampala, Uganda
Tel: +256-312-26582
Fax: +256-312-265825
Website: http://www.yorku.ca/crs/AHRDP/index.htm

Hassan Shire
Coordinator
African Human Rights Defenders project-Canada
York University Centre for Refugee Studies
4700 Keele St. Toronto ON Canada M3J 1P3
Tel: +416 736 2100 ext 20519 Fax: +416 736 5837
Email: hshire@yorku.ca
Website: http://www.yorku.ca/crs/AHRDP/index.html