28/08/2013 (Brève 176) ALERTE ROUGE : Revue de presse (All Africa en Anglais avec traduction en Français) Djibouti’s Extradition Request of Belgian Citizen in Yemen Causes Concerns / La demande d’extradition de Djibouti au Yémen d’un citoyen de nationalité belge suscite des inquiétudes

1°) Texte original en Anglais
Lien avec le site All Africa : http://allafrica.com/stories/201308280010.html
The European Strategic Intelligence and Security Centre (ESISC) Monday (August 26th) called on the European Union to demand the unconditional release of Mohammed Saleh Alhoumekani, a key witness in the death of a French judge in Djibouti in 1995.

Alhoumekani, a Belgian citizen, was arrested Saturday in Yemen, and a delegation from Djibouti arrived Sunday in Sanaa to bring Alhoumekani to Djibouti to serve a prison sentence, the ESISC said in a statement.

« The European Union must demand the immediate and unconditional release of Mohammed Alhoumekani and his return to Europe, » the statement said. Alhoumekani was sentenced in absentia in Djibouti for making false accusations against the Djiboutian president. Alhoumekani is a former officer of the Djibouti Presidential Guard and former ESISC employee who alleges that he overheard high-ranking Djiboutian officials, including President Ismail Omar Guelleh, who was then director of the office of the president and responsible for security forces, make incriminating comments following the death of French Judge Bernard Borrel in 1995.

Borrel was sent to Djibouti to investigate accusations of arms smuggling and to advise Djibouti’s judiciary.

His death was declared a suicide, but the Paris prosecutor’s office said « new evidences collected since 2002 are in favour of a criminal act ».

2°) Traduction en Français sous toutes réserves (Google traduction)
L’intelligence stratégique européenne et le Centre de sécurité (ESISC) Lundi (26e Août) a appelé l’Union européenne à exiger la libération inconditionnelle de Mohammed Saleh Alhoumekani, un témoin clé dans la mort d’un juge français à Djibouti en 1995.

Alhoumekani, un citoyen belge, a été arrêté samedi au Yémen, et une délégation de Djibouti est arrivé dimanche à Sanaa pour apporter Alhoumekani à Djibouti pour y purger une peine de prison, l’ESISC a déclaré dans un communiqué. « L’Union européenne doit exiger la libération immédiate et inconditionnelle de Mohammed Alhoumekani et son retour en Europe, » a indiqué le communiqué.

Alhoumekani a été condamné par contumace à Djibouti pour avoir fait de fausses accusations contre le président djiboutien. Alhoumekani est un ancien officier de la garde présidentielle de Djibouti et ancien employé ESISC qui prétend avoir entendu les responsables djiboutiens de haut rang, dont le président Ismail Omar Guelleh, qui était alors directeur du bureau du président et responsable des forces de sécurité, échanger des commentaires à la suite de la mort du juge français Bernard Borrel en 1995.

Borrel a été envoyé à Djibouti pour enquêter sur les accusations de trafic d’armes en tant que conseiller du pouvoir judiciaire Djibouti.

Sa mort a été déclarée en suicide, mais le bureau du procureur de Paris a déclaré ensuite : « de nouvelles preuves recueillies depuis 2002 sont en faveur d’un acte criminel».

03/07/09 (B505) Le journal de la Flibuste

____________________________ 1 – AllAfrica (En Anglais)

Un officier américain témoigne devant un tribunal kenyan, des faits de piraterie dont il a eu connaissance. // Kenya: U.S. Officer Tells of Pirate Attack

A US navy officer told the court on Thursday that the description of a small boat which allegedly tried to pirate a vessel matched the one he was informed about by the vessel’s captain.

Mr William Murtha told the court that they saw the boat from their ship USS VELLAGULA five kilometres away from where they were.

He said after the boat stopped, some officers went to the boat and took the suspects to their ship.

"The first two suspects were searched and a hand gun recovered from one of them," said Mr Murtha testifying before senior resident magistrate Timothy Gesora against seven suspects charged with piracy.

The naval officer said he saw several AK 47 rifles and an RPG being removed allegedly from the boat in which the suspects were in.

He said the captain of MV Polaris which was allegedly attacked by the suspects was contacted and before he arrived at the position they were.

"Statements from three witnesses aboard MV Polaris were taken before they went away," said Mr Murtha.

Upon cross examination by defence counsel Mr Francis Kadima,the alleged attack of the vessel by suspected pirates occurred in the Gulf of Aden.

He said there was a Chinese ship which was within the vicinity when the captain of MV Polaris lost sight of the boat.

The witness said he was informed that suspects put a ladder on the vessel before the crew on board knocked it off.

"The captain said the ladder was knocked into the water," said the witness.

He told the court that the suspects were not arrested in Kenyans territorial waters neither did he make any decision to have them brought in the country.

At one point Mr Kadima indicated that he wanted the witness stood down to make an application on the jurisdiction of the court to hear that matter a move which was vehemently opposed by the state counsel Mr Alexander Muteti.

Mr Muteti said it was unfair to stand down the witness considering that he was a foreigner whose attendance cost a fortune and that the nature of his duty will not allow the prosecution to summon him every time.

"The issue of jurisdiction can be raised at anytime. However I extend an olive branch for the witness to continue with his evidence to conclusion," said Mr Kadima.

He was expected to make his application concerning the jurisdiction of the court to hear the matter later yesterday afternoon.

The accused are Mohamud Abdi Kheyre alias Mohamed Abdi Khayre, Abshir Salat Elmi,Abdullahi Ahmed Hussein,Abdirahaman Hussein Hassan,Abdikarim Abdullahi Hassan,Hassan Isse Muse alias Mohamed Issa Musa and Feysal Ali Hussein alias Faisal Ali Hussein.

They were charged that on February 11, this year at about 2.20 pm in the Indian Ocean and armed with five AK47 rifles, a pistol; and a RPG-7 portable rocket launcher attacked MV Polaris.

11/03/09 (B489) All Africa avec Garowe / Somaliland : les différends concernant le processus électoral s’enveniment. Le responsable de l’enregistrement des électeurs a été remercié … Somalia: Dispute Deepens Over Somaliland Voter-Registration Process (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

The head of the voter-registration process in Somalia’s separatist republic of Somaliland has been sacked, deepening an ongoing political crisis, Radio Garowe reports.

Mr. Ismail Muse Nur is a member of Somaliland’s election commission and has chaired the voter-registration process from the beginning.

In 2008, Mr. Nur apologized for misreporting on the number of registered voters in Awdal region, where he hails from along with Somaliland President Dahir Riyale.

In recent days, there has been growing dispute about why the server that counts registered voters was turned on in the absence of opposition parties and why there are major changes in voter demographics in different regions, our correspondent in Hargeisa reported.

The dispute worsened when Interpeace, the aid group facilitating donor funds for the voter-registration process, and the Somaliland election commission jointly issued the number of registered voters in different regions.

In Awdal region, for example, the number of registered voters from 2003 to 2008 increased by an astounding 67,000 more voters, while other regions like Togdheer recorded a lesser number of voters.

Somaliland’s election commission has been mired in internal dispute since it was first established, including changing the chairman numerous times.

Voter demographics plays a pivotal role in the Somaliland election, as different regions home to various clan-groups seek representation in the region’s government.

Meanwhile, the main opposition party Kulmiye continues to demand that Somaliland’s two house of Parliament appoint a caretaker government after the election commission delayed the March 29 presidential election to May 31.

Somaliland unilaterally declared independence from Somalia in 1991 but has not been recognized internationally.

28/05/08 (B449-B) ALL Africa avec Inter Press Service / Ethiopie : la presse libre est toujours menacée et harcelée – Ethiopia: Press Freedom Still Under Attack (En Anglais)

Najum Mushtaq – Nairobi

The May edition of popular Ethiopian entertainment magazine Enku did not appear on newsstands as scheduled this month.

Ethiopian police impounded all 10,000 copies before they could be distributed; Alemayehu Mahtemework, the magazine’s publisher and deputy editor, was charged with threatening public order and spent five days in detention, along with three of his staff.

Serkalem Fasil, a journalist who was herself imprisoned by the Meles Zenawi government for writing articles critical of the conduct of the 2005 parliamentary elections, believes that the police action against the magazine was intended to send out a message to the media in general.

« The suppression of Ethiopia’s free press is probably the most overlooked story in Africa, » says Fasil whose exposés on election-rigging were followed by her arrest in November 2005 along with her brother, husband and a dozen others on charges of genocide and treason. Pregnant at the time of her arrest, she gave birth to her baby in jail — she would not be released for 18 months.

The charges against Alemayehu stem from Enku’s cover story for May, a feature on the arrest and trial of one of the country’s most popular singers, Tewodros Kassahun. Better known to Ethiopians as Teddy Afro, the singer appeared in court on April 23, where he pleaded not guilty to involvement in a hit-and-run accident in November 2006.

Razak Adam, an Ethiopian development worker based in Nairobi, says that anywhere else in the world, Kassahun’s trial might simply be a story of celebrity misdeeds, but in Ethiopia, it is widely viewed as politically motivated. His music and public statements are critical of government policies and his April court appearance sparked impromptu protests in Addis Ababa, involving thousands of his fans, mostly teenagers. Such protests are a rare sight in the tightly-controlled Ethiopian capital. A similar spontaneous protest took place at the Adidas Ababa Stadium on May 4, when many of the 35,000 fans at the 16th African Athletics Championships began chanting « Free Teddy » slogans after Ethiopian runner Kenenisa Bekele won the 5,000 meter race.

« In Ethiopia, the story is deeply political and complex as it reflects not only the precarious state of press freedom; it also raises some other critical but unaddressed issues which are pulling Ethiopian society apart, » Adam told IPS.

These simmering issues encompass Ethiopia’s past as well as its present. Kassahun sings tunes and lyrics that challenge ethnic and religious divisions in society. His 2005 hit, Yasteseryal (« redemption » in Amharic) was used by opposition parties as their anthem to rally the public against the government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi. The video for the song includes images of Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie, the Derg — the repressive military government that succeeded the emperor — and the present leadership under Zenawi; the lyrics suggest that the regimes have changed, but the people still suffer. Since then, Kassahun’s music has been banned from all state-controlled media.

To most of his listeners, though, Kassahun is a hero. By giving coverage to his trial, Mahtemework and his avowedly non-political magazine attracted the hostile attention of the government. Mahtemework says Enku has been routinely censored by its government-owned printer since it began covering Teddy Afro’s music in December, but he did not anticipate his arrest or the confiscation of his magazine. « Ever since the third issue of our magazine, we have been subjected to censorship by the printer. We expected to be told that the coverage of the Tewodros Kassahun’s trial would not pass the censors, but the impounding was a surprise to us. »

The Enku episode is a continuation of the crackdown on independent media.

Serkalem Fasil — arrested in 2005 — was not released until April 2007, when she was acquitted on all charges. But heavy fines had already been imposed on the three newspapers published by her company, Serkalem Publishing House, and they were eventually closed down. Though there is no legal justification, the government is refusing to grant her licences to start new newspapers.

The Ethiopian Free Press Journalists Association, along with Fasil, led the campaign for the release of Enku’s editor. International press freedom watchdogs also swiftly condemned the government’s actions against Enku and its staff.

The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists condemned Mahtemework’s arrest and Reporters Without Borders, an international organisation that fights censorship and defends journalists, issued a statement saying, « The Ethiopian authorities have sent a very negative signal by choosing the eve… of World Press Freedom Day to arrest a journalist and seize an issue of an independent magazine. » The organisation threatened to put Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi back on a list of what it calls « press freedom predators »; Zenawi was taken off the list in 2007, in recognition of an improvement in the media freedom in Ethiopia.

Despite his arrest and the charges pending against him, Mahtemework remained positive. « My morale is good. We want to continue publishing, but all our working capital is invested in the monthly issue which has been impounded… our hands are tied. »

The onslaught against Enku cannot be seen in isolation from the wider political and cultural problems in Ethiopia. The Teddy Afro affair and the Enku episode are symptoms of the government’s aversion to even a hint of dissent.

28/05/08 (B449-B) ALL Africa avec New Vision / Somalie : des insurgés attaquent les soldats ougandais de l’Amisom – 10 morts / Somalia: Islamists Attack Ugandan Peacekeepers ( En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Abdi Sheikh – Kampala

Ugandan peace-keeping troops defend the airport in Mogadishu against militia in a previous encounter

Islamist insurgents attacked Ugandan peacekeepers in Mogadishu on Monday night, killing at least 10 people and injuring a dozen others in the crossfire.

« An unknown group attacked us at Kilometer 4, using mortars, rocket-propelled grenades and small arms but we repulsed them, » AU force spokesman Maj. Barigye Ba-Hoku told The New Vision.

« There were no casualties from our side but we killed two of them and recovered two guns. »

He added that the attackers wore uniforms similar to those of the government army and the police while others were in civilian clothes.

Residents said two mortars killed eight people and wounded nine others in the attack. A stray rocket-propelled grenade killed a further two people, according to witnesses.

A contingent of 1,600 Ugandan peacekeepers and 600 Burundian troops, known as AMISOM, are in Somalia to protect the transitional government and strategic positions such as the port and the airport. The Shabab militia, which the United States has labelled a terrorist organisation, claimed responsibility for Monday’s attack.

« Our mujahideen forces carried out an attack on the so-called AMISOM and our operation was successful, » Shabab spokesman Mukhtar Ali Robow told Reuters.

« We had neither injuries nor deaths and we shall continue attacking them until Somalia is liberated. »

In another incident on Tuesday noon, Ugandan soldiers detonated two landmines on the road from the airport, where the AU peacekeeping force has its base.

« The land mines, which must have been planted the previous night, were at the same position where a land mine hit our vehicle last week, wounding five soldiers, » Ba-Hoku explained.

He said the intentions of the attackers were to scare Somalis from accessing services offered by AMISOM, stop the peacekeepers from executing their task and for propaganda purposes.

Last week, a UN expert panel accused Ugandan, Ethiopian and Somali troops of selling arms to insurgents in violation of a 1992 arms embargo. Both Kampala and Addis Ababa have denied the allegations. Thousands have been killed and nearly one million displaced in fighting in Somalia since the Islamic Courts were ousted in late 2006 by Ethiopian-backed government troops

28/05/08 (B449-B) ALL Africa avec Shabelle Network / Somalie : des milices s’emparent de l’Université dans une ville du sud / Somalia: Armed Militias Seize University in Southern Town (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Armed with propelled grenades and machine guns militia men have captured the main university building in Kismayu town the provincial capital of middle Shabelle region on Tuesday night according to the teachers of the campus.

The armed men were reported to have evicted the students and teachers from the college and deeply entered in.

One of the university’s lecturers Mohamed Ahmed Warsame has declared that the militias have seized some of the university’s teaching tools.

« They rejected to leave in the university’ they wreaked with shatters into the cabinet of the university’s books » Warsame said.

It’s yet unknown the motive behind the seizure of the university by unknown groups.

In Somalia, over a decade of conflict has meant two generations of young people missing out on education – with devastating consequences for development. Yet 1,150 primary schools are now up and running with new books and a national curriculum.

Somalia is one of the toughest places in the world to be a child. But on one issue there is clear consensus: Somali communities desperately want their children to go to school – and that means girls as well as boys after the Siad Barre government collapsed in 1991. But recently its people have again rebuilt their elegant wooden houses, and now they are rebuilding their school – out of stone, so that it will last.

26/05/08 (B449) ALL AFRICA avec Shabelle Network – Somalie Un commandant des forces islamistes déclarent « Nouc combattrons les forces des paix des Nations unies » / Somalia: ‘We Will Fight Against the UNvForces’ Islamist Commander Said (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

On of the Islamic courts union army commanders Sheikh Hassan Mohamed known as « Turkey » has called for Somalis to fight against the United Nations authorized troops scheduled to send to Somalia.

Speaking to the local radio by telegram (Hello Hello) telecommunication he added that it’s required to be equipped with a new fighting martyr against the UN peace keepers by the whole Somali people.

« Somali nation have previously won against so called UNISOM (UN peace keeping forces for Somalia » in 1990 and we will not be weary to kill/fight them » Turkey said in the news conference.

Asked about the reconciliation efforts brokered by the United Nations and the ARS members took part the talks in Djibouti he added that it’s was the time of talks but it’s the time of Jihad and he shrugged off to answer his view about ARS members participated Djibouti peace talks between Somali government and the opposition groups.

Shabelle asked Mr Turkey whether he was deterred by the US warplanes air strike that was killed Aden Hashi Eyrow one of highest Islamic courts fighters in Dhuso Mareb town he said that he was very in high spirits to be killed on his way to the Jihad against what he called « the enemy of Somalis »

Mr Turkey is one of the hardest stance leaders in the Islamic courts union leaders.

The remarks of Hassan Turkey come as the United Nations goes on with peace process and reconciliation talks between Somali government and the opposition groups.

24/05/08 (B449) ALL AFRICA : Le Président érythréen, de retour à Asmara après une visite officielle en Iran (puis au Qatar), déclare que les deux pays doivent développer leur coopération commerciale – Eritrea: President Returns Home Concluding Official Working Visit to Iran (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

President Isaias Afwerki returned home last night concluding a two-day official working visit to the Islamic Republic of Iran at the invitation of President Ahmedi Nejad.

In the course of the visit, President Isaias met and held talks with President Ahmedi Nejad and the Iranian Supreme Religious Leader, Ayatollah Ali Kamenei on boosting bilateral relations and cooperation.

Following the talks, Eritrea and Iran signed four documents focusing on trade and investment in line with the agreement reached to strengthen bilateral relations.

Later on, the President arrived in Qatar and held talks with the country’s Emir, Sheik Hamed Bin Khalifa Al-Thani and other officials on enhancing Eritrean-Qatari ties as well as regional and international issues of mutual concern.