04/05/07 (B393-B) ALLAFRICA : Somalie: Des journalistes somaliens lancent un nouveau site web

International
Freedom of Expression Exchange Clearing House (Toronto)

Transmettre les nouvelles au sujet de la liberté de la presse en Somalie
sera dorénavant plus facile pour la communauté internationale,
grâce aux efforts du Réseau des journalistes de Somalie (Somali
Journalists Network, SJN).

L’organisation vient de lancer ce qu’elle désigne comme le premier
site web de Somalie qui couvre les violations de la liberté de la presse
dans le pays.

Le site contient des dossiers d’information sur les médias somaliens
et les lois sur la presse, de même que des documents sur les activités
de formation du SJN. Le SJN a été créé en 2002
et s’est donné le mandat de défendre et de promouvoir les journalistes
somaliens.

Pour consulter le nouveau site web, aller à : http://www.sojon.org

24/08/06 (B363-B) Les innondations tragiques en Ethiopie : un millier de victimes et plus de 118.000 personnes touchées par la pluie (AllAfrica.com en anglais). Arrivée du premier convoi d’aide par la route au sud ouest. (AFP en français) (Infos lecteur)

_______________________________ AFP

Inondations en Ethiopie: arrivée au sud-ouest du 1er convoi d’aide par route

ADDIS ABEBA (AFP) – Le premier convoi routier d’aide humanitaire a pu atteindre mardi le sud-ouest de l’Ethiopie, jusqu’ici inaccessible par voie de terre après les inondations qui ont fait 364 morts et des milliers de sinistrés dans la région, a-t-on appris de source officielle.

« Nous avons finalement pu atteindre Omerate avec des camions, ce qui va alléger le cauchemar logistique auquel nous avons fait face jusqu’à aujourd’hui », a déclaré mardi Sisay Taddeses, porte-parole de l’Agence gouvernementale pour la prévention des catastrophes, interrogé à Addis Abeba.

Après environ 300 km de trajet sur des routes inondées et où les ponts ont été détruits, un convoi de 11 camions est entré mardi dans la ville d’Omerate (environ 980 km au sud-ouest d’Addis Abeba), transportant de la nourriture, de l’eau, des médicaments, des tentes et des sacs de sable destinés aux survivants des inondations.

Selon M. Sisay, les premiers chargements d’aide seront acheminés par hélicoptère et par hors-bord à environ 8.000 villageois qui sont encore coupés du monde dans la région des Peuples et Nationalités du sud.

« Nous avons trois hélicoptères assurant 10 vols par jour pour livrer du matériel et de la nourriture aux personnes que l’on peut atteindre », a déclaré de son côté le porte-parole du ministère de la Défense, Dawit Assefa.

« Nos forces spéciales et nos hélicoptères continueront à fournir de l’aide jusqu’à ce que nous atteignions tous les endroits accessibles et que tout le monde ait été recensé et relogé dans des lieux plus sûrs », a-t-il assuré.

Ces inondations dans le sud-ouest ont été provoquées par le débordement le 14 août du fleuve Omo – qui se jette dans le lac Turkana – dans au moins 14 villages situés sur les rives du lac, à environ 700 km au sud-ouest d’Addis Abeba.

Cette crue a été causée par des pluies diluviennes qui se sont récemment abattues sur les hauts plateaux éthiopiens.

Le dernier bilan des inondations qui ont frappé depuis le 6 août l’est, le nord et le sud-ouest de l’Ethiopie est d’au moins 626 morts, 250 disparus, environ 118.000 personnes affectées et d’importants dégâts matériels.

___________________________________ AllAfrica.com

Ethiopia: WFP Says Flooding Far From Over – 118,000 Affected

PRESS RELEASE
August 22, 2006
Posted to the web August 22, 2006

Addis Ababa

With heavy rains continuing to pound much of Ethiopia, the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) said today that 118,000 people – with hundreds killed or missing – have been hit by devastating floods in the past month and warned that the numbers of displaced, homeless and severely affected could rise further.

Although floods are relatively common during the June to September rainy season in Ethiopia, this year the country has experienced some of the heaviest and most intense on record, with water levels rising to critical levels at three dams in the west, south and north, where local residents have been advised to leave.

WFP, together with other humanitarian partners, has provided 37.5 metric tons of grain, 1.1 ton of vegetable oil, 4 metric tons of pulses and 50 cartons of biscuits and supplementary food for distribution to those affected. The food assistance, together with non-food items, has already been dispatched to four locations where survivors are temporarily sheltered.

« Throughout the country, the government and humanitarian groups, including WFP, are racing against the clock to deliver supplies and assistance to the people who are suffering, » said Abnezer Ngowi, WFP Acting Country Director in Ethiopia. « This is a race which must be won because so many lives are at stake. »

« We have distributed food and assigned staff to nearly all the affected areas throughout the country and are supporting the government and our partners in coordination and relief efforts. The scale of this crisis is huge – the magnitude and impact remains to be seen, » said Ngowi.

The Omo River has already burst its banks and flooded large swathes of land in the south west, some 800 kilometres south of the capital, Addis Ababa.

Thousands of people are marooned and encircled by flood waters in isolated areas along the Omo River valley, following flooding which has killed more than 300 people and washed away almost 3,000 livestock. Earlier flash floods in Dire Dawa killed 254 people, and with many still missing, the national death toll may rise.

Since search and rescue efforts began in south Omo on 15 August, 1,300 people have been rescued, but lashing rain and devastated infrastructure have hampered relief efforts. National army personnel have been deployed to assist and boats and helicopters are on the scene, airlifting survivors and dropping food and clean water to those people they can reach.

Of mounting concern is also the situation in Amhara region, northern Ethiopia, where 20,000 people have apparently been affected by flood waters from Lake Tana. Some 10,000 of these are camped in temporary shelters.

The government has assembled a rapid assessment team, including a field monitor from the WFP office in Dessie, to establish the extent of the floods. The government has also allocated food, plastic sheeting and tents for immediate dispatch to the displaced..

In Dire Dawa, eastern Ethiopia, where 254 people died and many more are still missing, a joint UN, inter-agency and government flash appeal for US$5.82 million has been issued, covering a range of food and non-food items as well as provision for rehabilitating the infrastructure.

« Funds are urgently needed to allow aid organisations like WFP to undertake additional and much needed food, nutrition, health, sanitation, water, logistics and road interventions, » said Abnezer Ngowi. « We must concentrate on the massive humanitarian task ahead. »

American soldiers from a US military base in neighbouring Djibouti arrived in Dire Dawa at the weekend to assist the emergency services in the post-flood operations. The government has also appealed to the international community to provide urgent search and rescue assistance in the form of helicopters and motor boats.

With more rains predicted over the coming weeks, WFP has warned that the crisis is still far from over. The Ethiopian government and military have stepped up the evacuation of scores of people from flood-prone, low-lying areas to higher ground.

The government is also standing by to release some of the excess water already in the Koka Dam on the Awash River in the east, and in the Tise Aby Dam on the Blue Nile River, in northern Ethiopia. Flood waters are also spilling over from the Gilgel Gibe Dam on the Omo River.

13/08/06 (B362) All Afrika – Revue de presse :  » Le Somaliland est un pays frère, mais Djibouti est contre le morcellement de la Somalie « ,

Dixit M. Idriss Arnoud Ali, dans une interview à Geeska Afrika

Le 4 juillet dernier, le président de l’Assemblée nationale, M. Idriss Arnaoud, faisait la Une de Geeska Afrika, un journal somalilandais paraissant trois fois par semaine. Le journal, d’expression somalophone comme tous les titres locaux, publiait une interview accordée à l’un de ses reporters, Mohamed Rambo, par le président Arnaoud.

Interrogé sur le fonctionnement de notre parlement, sur les relations de celui-ci avec le parlement somalilandais, le président Arnaoud a également été prié par son intervieweur de s’exprimer sur la position de Djibouti concernant la souveraineté de cette République autoproclamée en quête de reconnaissance internationale.

 » Le Somaliland, a-t-il dit, est un pays frère mais Djibouti ne peut le reconnaître comme un Etat indépendant car cela voudrait signifier que nous cautionnons le morcellement de la Somalie.”

Evoquant les  » contacts  » entre l’Assemblée nationale et le parlement somalilandais, le président Arnaoud a indiqué qu’on ne pouvait parler de  » relations proprement dites « , reconnaissant toutefois que des rencontres ponctuelles entre les élus des deux peuples avaient lieu de temps en temps.  » J’ai récemment rencontré, a-t-il dit, une délégation sénatoriale conduite par Haj Abdi Warabé.

Au cours de cette rencontre, nous avons exprimé le souhait de raffermir nos relations afin de permettre à nos deux peuples de circuler librement et en sécurité. M.Haji Warabé n’a pas manqué de m’informer du fait que tous les pays qu’il avait visités, y compris les Etats-Unis, voudraient d’abord connaître la position de Djibouti avant de se prononcer sur la question de la reconnaissance du Somaliland et j’ai bien sûr répondu à M.Abdi que la République de Djibouti souhaitait avant tout que la nation somalienne soit en paix et retrouve son unité. « 

Le président Arnaoud a ajouté que cette position ne devait nullement empêcher Djibouti de coopérer avec le Somaliland dans le domaine économique et commercial, les biens et les personnes pouvant librement circuler des deux côtés de la frontière.  » Mais nous devons œuvrer à renforcer notre coopération afin de mieux lutter contre la contrebande », a martelé M.Idriss Arnoud.

Pour terminer, le président de l’Assemblée nationale n’a pas manqué de remercier le Parlement somalilandais qui, a-t-il souligné,  » œuvre pour la paix. »

Naguib Chourek

11/08/06 (B362) Allafrica : La crise somalienne peut-elle être contenue ? (Info lecteur en anglais)

Somalia: Can the Somali Crisis Be Contained?

PRESS RELEASE
August 10, 2006
Posted to the web August 10, 2006

Nairobi/Brussels

Somalia is on the verge of a new war which can only be contained if both sides and the international community take urgent steps to pull together a government of national unity.

Can the Somali Crisis Be Contained?,

the latest report from the International Crisis Group, analyses the country’s slide toward war and warns that without vigorous, coordinated action, the stand-off between the fracturing and increasingly misnamed Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and its Ethiopian ally on one side, and the Islamic Courts, who have gained control of Mogadishu on the other, will draw in a widening array of state actors, foreign jihadi Islamists and even al-Qaeda. The TFG must broaden its base to include moderate elements of the Islamic Courts and other important Mogadishu-based groups.

The situation is, in part, a by-product of ill conceived foreign interventions.

"Factional leaders who once monopolised Somali politics faded from the scene and left a political vacuum filled by the Islamists. U.S. counter-terrorism efforts designed to contain foreign al-Qaeda operatives have accelerated the expansion of jihadi Islamist forces", says John Prendergast, Crisis Group Senior Adviser. "Misguided U.S. policy has produced the largest potential safe haven for al-Qaeda in Africa. Decisive international action is long overdue".

The Islamic Courts’ success and the rise to prominence of some hard-line jihadi Islamists within them, has alarmed neighbours and the broader international community. Ethiopia, Kenya and the U.S. all share determination not to allow Somalia to become an African version of Taliban-Afghanistan. The TFG and Ethiopia claim too simplistically that the Islamic Courts are merely an umbrella organisation for terrorists, and the Courts have responded to Ethiopian deployments in Somalia by calling for a defensive jihad and breaking off peace talks under Arab League auspices. Skirmishes between TFG and Islamic Court forces south of Mogadishu in late July were widely perceived as the first exchanges of a coming conflict.

It will be difficult for the two sides to find middle ground and share power but they should be urged, as a first step, to send signals to one another aimed at reducing hostilities and building confidence. Ethiopia and Eritrea should be pressed to cease their military involvement and refrain from inflammatory rhetoric. There is no ideal candidate to lead a mediation. The UN is best placed to take on the challenge but it will need to work closely with the regional organisation, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the African Union, and the Arab League. The U.S. needs to become more active in support of the initiative through the Contact Group of states with major interests in Somalia.

Diplomatic efforts cannot continue to tiptoe around the core issues: any negotiated settlement must reconstitute the TFG as a genuine government of national unity, including credible leaders from both the Islamic Courts and the broader Hawiye community and the TFG’s draft National Security and Stabilisation Plan must be revised to reflect new realities on the ground.

"Every effort must be made to reverse the slide toward war", says Suliman Baldo, Crisis Group’s Africa Program Director. "Otherwise, another tragic chapter will be written in what is approaching a generation of failed efforts to help Somalia come back together".

29/07/06 (B361) Confirmation sur Allafrica.com, de ce que nous écrivions hier sur les excellentes relations de Guelleh avec l’Erythrée. Guelleh invite le Président Ertyhtréen à la conférence du Comesa … (Les Ethiopiens vont certainement apprendre la nouvelle avec beaucoup de satisfaction …)

East Africa: Djiboutian Leader Invites President Isaias to Attend Comesa Summit

Shabait.com (Asmara) July 28, 2006
Posted to the web July 28, 2006

Asmara

President Ismail Omar Guelle of Djibouti sent a message to President Isaias Afwerki inviting him to attend the 11th Summit of the Common Market For Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA).

Djibouti’s Ambassador to Eritrea, Mr. Ahmed Issa, delivered the message to President Isaias today.

During an exchange of views on Eritrean-Djiboutian relations, President Isaias and Mr. Ahmed Issa assessed bilateral ties to be progressing well.

07/07/06 (B357-B) Somalie : le Premier Ministre cloue le bec d’Osama Bin Laden (Traduction du titre de la dépêche, par nos soins, sous toutes réserves) (Allafrica.com / Info lecteur)

Somalia: Somali PM Slams Osama Bin Laden


Mogadishu


The Prime minister of Somalia, Ali Mohamed Gedi has angrily reacted to the recent statement from the leader of Al qa’eda Osama Bin Laden on Somalia, saying that the Somali People were practicing Islam before the Birth of Osama Bin Laden and his ancestors so Osama should leave the Somali affairs to the Somalis.


At a press conference, he held in Baidoa where the transitional federal government of Somalia is based, Ali Mohamed was reacting to an audio message on the internet purported to the Leader of Al qa’eda Osama Bin Laden.


In his message Osama Bin Laden called on the Somali People to support the Islamic courts Union and reject the Government of Somalia which Ali Mohamed Gedi is its Prime minister.


The Prime minister of Somalia said that after long suspicions about his involvement in Somalia, Bin Laden made clear in his recent message about Somalia that he has representatives in Somalia and he called on the representatives of Osama Bin Laden to depart the Somali Territory or else they will be kicked out, warns Gedi.


Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi said « Bin Laden claims that he is international leader of Islam which is untrue ».


Gedi told that Bin Laden is a radical who spreads a theory of violence.

01/07/06 (B357-A) La crise en Somalie : selon une dépêche publiée par Allafrica.com, les troupes éthiopiennes auraient franchi la frontière somalienne et auraient pris le contrôle de Beledawo, district de Gedo (Allafrica.com, en anglais, info lecteur)

Ethiopian Forces Take Control of Somali Town, Source Says
Shabelle Media Network (Mogadishu)

July 1, 2006
Posted to the web July 1, 2006

Reports from Somalia southwest region of Gedo indicate Ethiopian armed forces interred parts of the region creating tensions.

Source in Beledhawo district of Gedo region told Shabelle Radio that Ethiopian troops with nine armed vehicles took control of the town after crossing the border with Somalia near Dolo.

The commanders of the Ethiopian forces that interred Beledhawo have taken meetings with Local authorities, businessmen and intellectuals in the town.

It’s unclear yet the outcome of the meetings they had with locals but some sources indicate that Ethiopian Authorities are trying to make sure people living there are not hosting feuds.

« They set bases around the town and we don’t know what the intension is » a local resident said in condition of anonymity for his safety.

The move comes amid Ethiopian prime minister Meles Zanawi vowed defending Somalia weak transitional government based in Baidoa.