07/04/2016 (Brève 728) EHAHRDP / publication du rapport annuel sur la situation des DH – Est et conre de l’Afrique (En anglais)

Télécharger le document complet : https://www.defenddefenders.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/Overview-of-the-Human-Rights-Situation-in-the-East-and-Horn-of-Africa-October-2015-March-2016-.pdf

DJIBOUTI (Extrait)
As Djibouti gears up for its presidential election on 8 April 2016, the government has significantly tightened its grip over civic and political space, with reports of repeated violations of the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association. Since parliamentary elections were held in February 2013, Djibouti has been battling a worsening political crisis.

The framework for dialogue and civil harmony signed by the government and the opposition on 30 December 2013 has yet to be implemented. Since then, the repression of independent and critical voices within the country has only increased, with a particular tightening of the political space of the opposition and independent unions. (**13)

The presidential campaign for the president’s fourth mandate began in October 2015, and resulted in quasi-daily human rights violations. In the run up to the presidential elections, hundreds of individuals have reportedly been arbitrarily arrested and tortured in connection with their affiliation to the political opposition, and the offices and homes of opposition leaders have been raided.

Many were never presented with charges or brought before a court, but were detained for several days before being released, according to the Ligue Djiboutienne des Droits de l’Homme. (**14)

Freedom of peaceful assembly and association
Since September 2015, rights groups have recorded a significant increase in arbitrary arrests and detentions, as well as acts of violence, harassment and intimidation against opposition leaders and activists, independent journalists, human rights defenders, and the civilian population more broadly. (**15)

On 10 December 2015, Saïd Hussein Robleh, the Secretary General of the Ligue Djiboutienne des Droits de l’Homme (**LDDH), the only remaining human rights organisation in the country, and an opposition member of parliament, was insulted and publicly beaten by the Chief of Police while sitting in a café. He was prevented from leaving, and had to be hospitalised to treat the serious injuries he sustained after the beating. (**16)

On 24 November 2015, the Government of Djibouti adopted restrictive measures to limit the right to peaceful assembly after the Paris and Bamako terrorist attacks. A state of emergency was established, effectively giving the authorities the power to dissolve peaceful assemblies without due process. Since its establishment, violence against opposition groups and critics of the government has intensified.

Freedom of expression
On 21 December 2015, during a public gathering for a religious festival in Bouljougo, at least 27 people were killed and over 150 wounded by government forces.(**17) The government responded to the Ligue Diboutienne des Droits de l’Homme’s advocacy on the massacre with further attacks, and later on 21 December 2015, the organisation’s General Secretary, Saïd Hussein Robleh, and the President of opposition party Union pour le Salut National (USN) were shot by police forces. Robleh received bullets in the throat and collarbone. Despite his critical injuries from the shooting, his discharge was ordered from French military hospital Bouffard on 29 December 2015.

The same day, Omar Ali Ewado, one of the leaders of LDDH, was arrested by the National Gendarmerie and held incommunicado for several days. Ewado had published a provisional list of victims of the 21 December massacre.

Additionally, police raided the offices of LDDH on 29 December, and the organisation archives and computer equipment were seized. (**18) After his appearance in court on 3 January 2016, Ewado was transferred to Gabode Central Prison without access to his family.

On 7 January2016 he was charged with public defamation for inciting hatred and spreading false news related to the 21 December 2015 massacre and was handed a prison sentence of 3 months on 17 January 2016. He was released on 14 February 2016 after the Appeal Court found that the constitutive elements used in his trial were not valid, after serving 1,5 months of his sentence. (**19)

Foreign interests in Djibouti
Djibouti’s international airport continues to host the United States Naval Expeditionary Base, Camp Lemonnier, which is a known base for the United States’ drone operations in Yemen and elsewhere. The military headquarters have been used by US Special Forces for covert, anti-terror and other operations in Yemen and in Africa. France and Japan also have bases in the port, which is used by many foreign navies to fight piracy in neighbouring Somalia. On 25 February 2016, China’s Ministry of Defence confirmed the start of the construction of “support facilities” for the People’s Liberation Army-Navy (PLAN) in Djibouti. (**20)

________________________________________ Notes

(**13) “Political deadlock and intensified repression, three months prior the presidential election”, FIDH, EHAHRDP and LDDH, 19 January 2016, https://www.fidh.org/en/region/Africa/djibouti/political-deadlock-and-intensified-repressionthree-months-prior-the
(**14) “Rapport Annuel 2015”, Ligue Djiboutienne des Droits de l’Homme, 11 March 2016, http://www.lddh.net/?p=1391
(**15) “Political deadlock and intensified repression, three months prior the presidential election”, FIDH, EHAHRDP and LDDH, 19 January 2016, https://www.fidh.org/en/region/Africa/djibouti/political-deadlock-and-intensified-repressionthree-months-prior-the
(**16) “Djibouti, Ethiopia, and South Sudan: DefendDefenders Condemns Attacks and Arrests of HRDs and Journalists”, EHAHRDP, 15 January 2016, https://www.defenddefenders.org/2016/01/djibouti-ethiopia-and-south-sudandefenddefenders-condemns-attacks-and-arrests-of-hrds-and-journalists/
(**17) “L’escalade dans la répression fait au moins 27 morts à Djibouti”, Fédération Internationale des Droits de l’Homme, 23 Décembre 2015, https://www.fidh.org/fr/regions/afrique/djibouti/lescalade-dans-la-repression-fait-au-moins-27-morts-a-djibouti
(**18) “Djibouti, Ethiopia, and South Sudan: DefendDefenders Condemns Attacks and Arrests of HRDs and Journalists”, EHAHRDP, 15 January 2016, https://www.defenddefenders.org/2016/01/djibouti-ethiopia-and-south-sudandefenddefenders-condemns-attacks-and-arrests-of-hrds-and-journalists/
(**19) “Djibouti : Libération de M. Omar Ali Ewado, membre fondateur de la Ligue Djiboutienne des Droits Humains”, Fédération Internationale des Droits de l’Homme, 16 February 2016, https://www.fidh.org/fr/themes/defenseurs-des-droits-humains/djibouti-liberation-de-momar-ali-ewado-membre-fondateur-de-la-ligue
(**20) “Defense Ministry’s regular press conference”, Ministry of National Defence of the People’s Republic of China, 25 February 2016, http://eng.mod.gov.cn/Press/2016- 02/25/content_4644801.htm

06/09/06 (B411) LDDH : information sur les arrestations des membres du conseil éthiopien pour les Droits de l’Homme et appel de l’EHAHRD.



Le Président

DIFFUSION D’INFORMATION
DU 5 SEPTEMBRE 2007

SUR LES ARRESTATIONS
DES MEMBRES DU ETHIOPIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL,

La situation des Défenseurs des Droits de l’Homme et des Journalistes en
Ethiopie est plus qu’alarmante tant à Addis Abeba que dans les Zones dit
Autonomes où les informations restent souvent étouffées par les Forces
armées.

Tous les Défenseurs de la Ligue Djiboutienne des Droits Humains restent
solidaires aux souffrances du peuple frère de l’Ethiopie et en particulier
aux souffrances de tous les Défenseurs et de leurs proches constamment
harcelés et martyrisés.

M. NOEL ABDI Jean-Paul

________________________________________________________

EAST AND HORN OF AFRICA HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS NETWORK

KAMPALA: EHAHRD-Net CALLS FOR URGENT RELEASE OF EHRCO MEMBERS

The East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Network (EHAHRD-Net) is
disturbed by news of the arrest of three executive committee members of the
Ethiopian Human Rights Council (EHRCO) who were recently arrested along with
12 other individuals in Nekemte town, Eastern Wellega Zone in the Oromia
Region.

According to information received from EHAHRD-Net’s focal point EHRCO, the
15 persons were arrested August 23, 2007 and have not been produced in court
since. EHRCO further states that "The police came with a search warrant
stating that they are suspected of hiding arms and papers calling for
violence, " adding that "Although they searched their homes and found
nothing, they took away the individuals without an arrest warrant and held
them in detention since then." The three EHRCO members arrested are; Tesfa
Burayu (EHRCO Nekemte Office Executive Committee Member), Ibsa Wake (EHRCO
Nekemte Office Executive Committee Member), and Fekadu Negeri (EHRCO Nekemte
Office Executive Committee Member).

"EHAHRDP reaffirms the position of regional and international human rights
standards including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the
African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, which requires that lawfulness
and necessity of holding someone in custody must be determined by a court or
any other appropriate judicial authority. This should not continue beyond
the period for which the State can provide appropriate justification and as
such, persons suspected of committing any crime must be promptly charged
with legitimate criminal offences. As the country prepares to celebrate the
Millennium on September 12th 2007, it is only appropriate to enter this new
era with a clean sheet of human rights observance," says Hassan Shire
Sheikh, Chairperson of EHAHRDP/Net.

APPEAL:

EHAHRD-Net appeals to the Ethiopian Government to;

. Immediately and unconditionally release the said persons or bring them
before a legitimate court for their case to be heard;

. Respect the human rights provisions in its own Federal Constitution and
regional and international human rights instruments regarding the right for
suspects to be accorded a fair hearing.

The Network further appeals to the United Nations High Commissioner for
human rights and the Special Raporteur for human rights defenders at the
African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights, to use their mandates and
ensure that the Ethiopian Government heeds to its human rights obligations.

We further urge all our Network members to write to the Ethiopian
authorities to offer the arrested HRDs a fair hearing or release them with
immediate effect.

Send appeals to:

Prime Minister
His Excellency Meles Zenawi
Office of the Prime Minister
PO Box 1031
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Fax: +251 11 1552020
E-mail: national.parliament@telecom.net.et , national.parliament@ethionet.et

Salutation: Dear Prime Minister

Minister of Foreign Affairs
Mr Seyoum Mesfin
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
PO Box 393
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Fax: +251 11 551 43 00
Email: mfa.addis@telecom.net.et
Salutation: Dear Minister

Minister of Justice
Mr Assefa Kesito
Ministry of Justice
PO Box 1370
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Fax: +251 11 5517775 / 5520874
Email: ministry-justice@telecom.net.et
Salutation: Dear Minister

Please also send a copy of your letter to the Ethiopian representative in your country.

For further information, please contact:

Tumusiime Kabwende Deo
Press Officer
Regional Coordination Office
EAST AND HORN OF AFRICA HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS PROJECT (EHAHRDP)
Human Rights House, Plot 1853, Lulume Rd., Nsambya
P.O. Box 70356 Kampala, Uganda
Phone: +256-414-510263(general)/ext.112
+256-414-267118(direct)
Fax: +256-414-267117
E-mail: ehahrdp@yahoo.ca, hshire@yorku.ca
Website: http://www.yorku.ca/crs/AHRDP/index.html

17/06/07 (B400) Deux rédacteurs risquent la peine de mort, après avoir été reconnus coupables devant la Haute Cour (Info lectrice)

International
Freedom of Expression Exchange Clearing House (Toronto)

ACTUALITÉS
15 Juin 2007

Quatre rédacteurs et trois maisons d’édition d’Éthiopie
ont été trouvés coupables le 11 juin d’être liés
aux tragiques manifestations de protestation de 2005 contre des allégations
de fraude électorale, rapportent le Comité pour la protection
des journalistes (CPJ) et Reporters sans frontières (RSF). Les sentences
seront prononcées le mois prochain et deux des rédacteurs pourraient
encourir la peine de mort.

L’Association des journalistes de la presse
libre d’Éthiopie (Ethiopian Free Press Journalists Association, EFJA),
en exil, appelle à une action urgente de la part de la communauté
internationale pour leur sauver la vie.

Des centaines de milliers de personnes ont participé à des manifestations
pour dénoncer la fraude et le bourrage d’urnes par le gouvernement
du premier ministre Meles Zenawi lors de l’élection de mai 2005. Plus
de 190 personnes ont été tuées lorsque les autorités
ont écrasé les protestations qui ont suivi les élections
et qui contestaient la victoire du parti au pouvoir, rapporte le CPJ.

Les journalistes étaient visés par le gouvernement à
cause de leur couverture du traitement de ces élections controversées,
dit le CPJ. Parmi les personnes reconnues coupables, on compte les rédacteurs
Andualem Ayle, de « Ethiop », et Mesfin Tesfaye de « Abay
», inculpés d’« outrage à la constitution »,
et qui risquent la peine capitale ou la prison à vie. Le rédacteur
en chef Wenakseged Zeleke, du journal « Asqual », pourrait être
condamné à dix ans de prison pour des accusations similaires.
Le rédacteur en chef adjoint Dawit Fassil, de « Satanaw »,
libéré sous caution en avril après dix-sept mois de détention,
a été réincarcéré et risque maintenant
jusqu’à trois ans de prison.

Selon RSF, les rédacteurs, de même que 34 membres de l’opposition
qui ont été reconnus coupables d’accusations similaires, l’ont
été parce qu’ils ont refusé de reconnaître la compétence
du tribunal et n’ont présenté aucun élément de
preuve pour leur défense.

La Haute cour a également reconnu trois éditeurs coupables de
chefs d’inculpation connexes. Ce sont : Serkalem, propriétaire des
journaux « Asqual », « Menelik » et « Satanaw
»; Sisay, éditeur d’« Ethiop »; et Fasil, qui publie
le journal « Addis Zena ». Ces entreprises pourraient être
condamnées à de lourdes amendes ou être dissoutes, rapporte
le CPJ. Leurs publications sont interdites depuis le début de la répression.

Ces jugements font suite à l’acquittement en avril de huit rédacteurs
et éditeurs qui devaient répondre à des accusations similaires.
Le tribunal avait déclaré que le gouvernement n’avait pas prouvé
le bien-fondé de sa cause contre eux.

Après l’Érythrée, l’Éthiopie
demeure le pire geôlier de journalistes d’Afrique, dit le CPJ.

Le Projet des défenseurs des droits de la personne
dans l’Est et la Corne de l’Afrique (East and Horn of Africa Human Rights
Defenders Project, EHAHRDP) a émis une action urgente sur l’Éthiopie.

Pour plus
de précisions, courriel : ehahrdp@yahoo.ca.