20/10/08 (B470) Ethiopian Review / Pas d’issue en vue pour la Somalie, mais des petits espoirs dans l’avenir. No end in sight in Somalia, but the future bears little hope (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

By Scott A Morgan

There are Indications that the US Military is not even sure about which part of its Command Structure will take the lead in Fighting the Piracy in Somalia. For the Time Being it will be CENTCOM (US Central Command) not AFRICOM that will be leading the effort. Currently Naval Elements from the Fifth Fleet are part of the International Armada that is attempting to eradicate Piracy at the South End of the Red Sea.

Despite this International Effort to Combat Piracy the situation involving the MV Faina shows little sign of being resolved any time soon. This Ship with its Cargo of 30 Russian Made Tanks and other crew served weapons and ammunition was seized by Pirates almost a month ago. This capture created such a buzz and a guessing game that would make one think that Tom Clancy himself created the scenario.

One thing that people can agree upon is that the Ship had a Destination of Mombasa, Kenya. After that the stories get interesting. The Initial Reports were that the Armor was intended for the Kenyan Military. But the BBC uncovered a Bill indicating that the Weapons were in fact intended for the Government of Southern Sudan. The Diplomatic part of this crisis has seen the Ambassadors from both Kenya and Ethiopia called to the Foreign Ministry in Sudan.

Add this caveat to the unfolding crisis. The Kenyan Government is reportedly planning on training 10,000 soldiers of the Transitional National Government (TNG) in Sudan. And the Islamist Militias are furious. They are threatening to Attack Kenya if it follows through with the current plan to train the Somali Military.

So what will happen next? First of All the Current Government of Kenya has to once again work on its image. Earlier this year the World watched as the Country almost Imploded after the Controversial Elections. A Month of violence led to the deaths of Hundreds of People and led to a GNU. A Controversy such as this one and the threat of attacks will place the Country under increasing scrutiny by International Donors and Counter Terrorism Experts.

Secondly there is Somalia. The Piracy Efforts will have people asking about how much control does the TNG actually have. Another Question may be how long will some people support the TNG. The Hingepin on this will be when/if Ethiopia pulls out its forces. This could be seen in two ways. Either the Country will be ready for the AU to send in a Peacekeeping Mission or the current attempt at supporting the TNG is an utter failure. It does make those who are advocating an Independent Somaliland look very intelligent lately.

Lastly there is Sudan. They did take the Diplomatic Step and Called in the Ambassadors from Kenya and Ethiopia to complain about the Tanks. The scrutiny that they are facing regarding the Darfur situation has caused the President of the Country to be indicted by the International Criminal Court. Although the Authorities in Khartoum have a Peace Deal signed with the South the attempt by GOSS to purchase these weapons could leave one to wonder why they are arming. In recent weeks GOSS has had several clashes with the LRA along the border with the DRC.

The entrance of the Armor into a very volatile region is an escalation of tensions. One country has a region with a large autonomious region. Another had a violent aftermath to a controversial election and has been working on restoring peace and harmony. The Other is the perfect example of a failed state. This is a Good Recipe for a War to Break Out.

The rest of the World has deployed Naval Assets to protect a vital Shipping Lane. But How far will the rest of the world be willing to prevent the Armor from falling into the hands of Groups that have plans to use them for a Political or Military Agenda? What steps will be used to prevent another war from breaking out in the Horn of Africa? Or will the Powers that be Yawn and let it happen and make Money!

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The Author Publishes Confused Eagle on the Internet it can be found at morganrights.tripod.com

Article taken from Ethiopian Review – http://www.ethiopianreview.com/content
URL to article: http://www.ethiopianreview.com/content/5471

08/08/08 (B459-B) Ethiopian Review / Le Palais présidentiel de Baidoa a été attaqué par les insurgés islamistes / Somalia’s presidential palace attacked by insurgents (En Anglais – Info lectrice)

By Hamsa Omar and Eric Ombok, Bloomberg

Somalia’s presidential palace was hit by four mortar shells in an assault by suspected Islamist insurgents, an army spokesman said.

The attack occurred at Baidoa, 250 kilometers (155 miles) northwest of the capital, Mogadishu, earlier today, Colonel Dahir Mohamed Hersi said in an interview. No casualties have been reported, he said, adding that the attack was carried out by the al-Shabaab group. Abdulahi Sheikh Jeesow, a shop owner in Baidoa, said the area around the palace had been evacuated.

"Ethiopian Woyanne troops and government soldiers cordoned off the vicinity of the palace," Jeesow said in a mobile-phone interview. "The roads are empty, the business centers are closed and the tension in Baidoa is high."

Sheikh Muktar Robow Abu Mansoor, al-Shabaab’s spokesman, didn’t answer his mobile phone when called for comment about the shelling of the palace.

Cease-Fire

Today’s attack is the latest in a series of assaults since the government and the opposition Alliance for the Reliberation of Somalia agreed a cease-fire in June. The agreement called for Ethiopian Woyanne troops to withdraw from the country within four months and be replaced by a UN peacekeeping force.

Kenyan Prime Minister Raila Odinga, in a speech to commerate the 1998 bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, said world leaders need to do more to contain the conflict in neighboring Somalia.

"The world, and the United Nations Security Council in particular, must produce a durable solution to the terrible violence and suffering that has devastated the people of Somalia," Odinga said.

03/08/08 (B459) Ethiopian Review (RPP -Reine Paulette de Pacotille – reçoit 20 hectares de terre agricole, productrice de fleurs, en Ethiopie à 30 minutes d’Addis) Djibouti first lady gets 20 hectares of land in Ethiopia (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

By Groum Abate, Capital Ethiopia

Khadra Mohammed, First Lady of Djibouti, has received the 20 hectares of land in the Sebeta area for a flower farm, on Tuesday July 22, 2008, from Alemu Sime, Investment Bureau Head of the Oromia Regional State [another Woyanne donkey].

The First Lady received the plot on behalf of her son, Ayinashe Omar Guelleh, whom it was learnt, plans to engage in the booming flower sector.

Floriculture already earns Ethiopia over 150 million dollars annually. The Ethiopian government Meles regime is keen to encourage investors political allies, offering them a five-year tax holiday and duty-free import of machinery.

The area, 30 minutes south of Addis Ababa with green hills and lush valleys, is ideal for cultivating the country’s fastest growing export – flowers.

Ethiopia exports more than 80 million stems a month to 40 countries. 70% percent is to the Netherlands, from where they are sent around the world. It also exports to Germany, Britain, Russia and, in smaller amounts, to the United States and the Middle East.

Five years ago, Ethiopia made just $159,000 from exports of cut flowers, cuttings and summer flowers. Last year that had grown to $63.5 million and this year it is expected to hit $166 million.

Last week, President Ismael Omar Guelleh of Djibouti obtained 10,000 hectares of land around Bale, Oromia Regional State for investing in the agriculture sector. The multi-million dollar investment is expected to commence in the coming few weeks. The plot is mainly slated for growing wheat.

The president also visited the 10,000 meter square plot on Babogaya Lake in Bishoftu (Debre Zeit) town 45 kilometers south east of Addis Ababa and received a title deed for the plot to construct his vacation home.

Khadra, during the ceremony on Tuesday July 22, 2008 also visited the plot, which her son is going to invest. The title deed for a 20 hectare flower farm was also presented to the first lady last week on Friday July 18, 2008 during the ceremony that also presented President Guelleh with his title deed for both sites in Bishoftu and Bale.Warda A. Graham, owner of Wajag Gas and Alemayehu Ketema a businessman prominent in the construction sector facilitated the investment opportunity.

13/03/08 (B438) Ethiopian Review avec BBC : une partie de l’Or national éthiopien stocké par la Banque centrale serait constitué de « plaqué or » de peu de valeur !!! Le Gouvernement a demandé un inventaire. More fake gold found in Ethiopian bank (Info lecteur)

Why doesn’t BBC investigate the illegal shipment of tones of gold bars from Ethiopian gold mines directly to London by Al Amoudi, in collaboration with his business partners, Azeb Mesfin, Sebhat Nega and other members of the Woyanne crime family?

By Elizabeth Blunt
BBC News, Addis Ababa

Ethiopia’s national bank has been told to inspect all the gold in its vaults to determine its authenticity.

It follows the discovery that some of the « gold » it had bought for millions of dollars was gold-plated steel.

The first hint that something was wrong reportedly came when the Ethiopian central bank exported a consignment of gold bars to South Africa.

The South Africans sent them back, complaining that they had been sold gilded steel.

An investigation revealed that the bank had bought a consignment of fake gold from a supplier, who is now under arrest.

Other arrests followed, including business associates of the main accused; national bank officials; and chemists from the Geological Survey of Ethiopia, whose job it is to assay the bank’s purchases of gold and certify that they are real.

But what has clearly now got the [fake] government even more worried is that another different batch of gold in the bank’s vaults has also been found to be fake, and this time it was gold which had been there for several years, after being seized from smugglers trying to take it to Djibouti.

Mining

Ethiopia’s [fake] parliament ordered the inspection of all gold in the national bank’s vaults.

A report from the [fake] auditor-general on the affair is expected to be presented to [fake] parliament during its current session.

Gold is mined in Ethiopia in considerable quantities, and a trader selling gold to the central bank has to have it tested and certified by the Geological Survey.

Whether the bank bought fake gold in the first place, or whether real gold from the vaults has been swapped for gilded steel, the fraud has cost the bank many millions of dollars, and it must have involved collusion on a considerable scale.

06/03/08 (B437-B) Ethiopian Review : des soldats éthiopiens armés procèdent à l’interpellation d’un éditeur de presse en Somalie. The chief editor of the newly launched Awramba newspaper, Ato Dawit Kebede, was taken to the 6th police station by Woyanne gunmen in Addis Ababa this morning. (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Ato Dawit was recently released from jail along with the Kinijit leaders. Ato Dawit’s associates told ER sources that he was taken away without an arrest warrant or any explanation.

Other journalists and editors continue to receive threates from the Woyanne regime as political repression and crackdown on the free press in Ethiopia continue.

05/03/08 (B437-B) Ethiopian Review : Communiqué de presse de l’Association des jeunes Oromo pour annoncer un rallye de protestation le lundi 31 mars à Whashington DC, afin de protester contre les violations des Droits de l’homme qui sont commises par le Gouvernement éthiopien et pour demander aux USA de reveoir leur politique de soutien à ce régime. Oromo youth to hold a protest rally in Washington D.C (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

(Washington, DC) – Deeply concerned about the turmoil in the Horn of Africa, the gross human rights violations and incalculable material destruction inflicted by the Ethiopian government, Oromo Youth from across the nation in collaboration with other youth associations from the Horn of Africa are organizing a protest rally in Washington D.C on Monday March 31st, 2008.

The demonstrators are calling upon the American government to reorient its policy approach in the region towards the respect for human rights, rule of law and democracy in the region and for American media outlets to expose this inhumane nature of the Ethiopian Woyanne government.

For about two decades now, the people of Ethiopia and the greater Horn of Africa have been suffering at the hands of the minority regime in Ethiopia. Innocent people are being tortured, humiliated, killed, women are raped, and villages are burnt. These atrocious crimes are being committed daily. The Ethiopian government is only able to inflict such widespread pain and suffering with the help of American taxpayers’ money and other Western funding.

Despite its strategic importance in the fight against terrorism and American prevalence in the region, far too little attention has been given to the unfolding human catastrophes. Using the war on terror as a pretext, the minority led government of Prime Minister Meles Zenawi has undermined the movement towards democracy, peace and development in the Horn of Africa. It spread as far as invading a neighbouring country, Somalia, violating the AU and UN Charters while shelling civilian areas indiscriminately and causing the death of tens of thousands of people, destruction of properties and the displacement of 1.5 million people from their home.

Since it usurped power undemocratically in 1991, the TPLF regime has committed untold crimes on the Oromo people jailing and killing tens of thousands of them. Zenawi’s regime has also been widely reported by International medias that the Ethiopian Woyanne government have sent its death squads to Ogaden to loot, murder, rape women and children, burn entire villages and expel aid agencies to stop food aid from getting to recipients in the area while preventing journalists and human rights organizations from having access in order to cover up the atrocity.

Thousands of Oromos have left their country and are living a fearful life in war ravaged Somalia, conflict ridden areas of Kenya and Sudan to escaping becoming an addition to the 20,000 Oromo prisoners of conscience throughout the country.

Fresh in our memories is the outrageous story of the heinous crime committed against Oromo refugees in Puntland’s Bosasso city of Somalia on February 5, 2008, where 65 Oromo refugees were bombed to death in daylight, while over 100 were also wounded. As almost all countries in the region rapidly descend into internal and external conflicts and with uncontrolled movement of Ethiopian army across borders, it is apparent that no place is safe for the indigenous Oromo in the Horn of Africa at large.

Therefore, we would like to reiterate that the American media has a duty to air our grievances and expose this inhumane nature of Ethiopian government. We would also like urge all to join with us to end an insult to humanity and give peace a chance in the Horn of Africa.

International Oromo Youth Association
PO Box 14668, Minneapolis, MN 55414
ioyapress@gmail.com
http://www.ioyn.org

02/03/08 (B437) Ethiopian Review : Des insurgents somaliens attaquent l’armée éthiopienne à Mogadiscio. Somali insurgents shell Woyanne military base in Mogadishu (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

(Shabelle Media Network) – Armed groups have fired several mortars on Ethiopian Woyanne army base of former defense ministry building in the Somali capital on Friday residents said.

Some reports said that a number of mortars hit inside the camp although its unknown the casualties occurred there.

The Ethiopian Woyanne forces fired back several mortars that caused the death of at least one civilian who was driving a donkey cart in Al-baraka village. Several mortars landed inside Hamar Jadid village but no causality was reported.

The residents close to the attacked areas have expressed concern on the nighttime shelling.

29/02/08 (B436) Ethiopian Review – Le Gouvernement éthiopien et ses forces armées accusées dans l’Ogaden d’imposer un régime de terreur similaire à celui du Darfour. Ethiopia’s war on its own (Los Angeles Times) (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

The [Woyanne] government is accused of a reign of terror similar to what is happening in Darfur.

By Ronan Farrow, Los Angeles Times

DADAAB, KENYA — The bullet tore through Ibrahim Hamad’s torso and lodged in his hip. The 26-year-old teacher was at home with his elderly father when government forces swept through his town in the Ogaden region of Ethiopia, burning huts and killing civilians. "The young girls were the first to die. The soldiers shot them and gathered the bodies and burned them," he said. The troops demanded that surviving men join their ranks, threatening those who refused with torture, imprisonment and death.

"When they came to my home, I told them, ‘I am just a schoolteacher, I will not leave my family,’ " said Hamad. In a bleak whisper, he recounted the ordeal that followed. "They strangled my father with a wire and hung his body in a tree. Then they shot me and left me for dead."

Hamad now struggles to survive in this remote refugee camp in northern Kenya, joining thousands who have fled a reign of terror by the Ethiopian Woyanne army. Little noticed by the world, Ethiopia Woyanne is waging war against its own people in the Ogaden desert. Long-simmering tensions erupted last April when separatist rebels attacked a Chinese-run oil field. The Ethiopian Woyanne government responded by ejecting humanitarian agencies and launching a scorched-earth campaign in the region.

The targeting of the predominantly ethnic-Somali Ogaden population has led to accusations of ethnic cleansing. In October, Human Rights Watch warned that events in Ogaden were following a "frighteningly familiar pattern" to those in Somalia’s Darfur region, noting "ethnic overtones" to attacks and accusing Ethiopia of "displac[ing] large populations" and "deliberately attack[ing] civilians." Government forces have been implicated in escalating looting, burnings and atrocities. Recently, soldiers have begun a brutal campaign of forced conscription, often torturing or killing those who refuse to join.

The Ethiopian Woyanne government has suppressed most news from the region, sealing Ogaden’s borders and denying access to the media. Last May, three New York Times reporters researching the crisis were held for five days and had their equipment confiscated. Ethiopian Woyanne officials have been quick to dismiss mounting reports of bloodshed as propaganda. But in this camp, refugees fleeing Ogaden tell stories of rape, torture and mass murder perpetrated against civilian villages by Ethiopia’s Woyanne’s military.

However, it is the U.S. government, not Ethiopia’s Woyanne’s, that elicits the most anger from Hamad and the other Ogadenis seeking shelter in Dadaab. The bullet that shattered Hamad’s hip, and the gun that fired it, were likely supplied by the United States. The soldier who pulled the trigger was almost certainly compensated with U.S. military aid.

The U.S. has historically provided Ethiopian forces with arms, funding and training. In recent years, the bond has deepened, with Ethiopia’s Woyanne’s military serving as a proxy for American interests in a region increasingly viewed as a crucial front in the war on terrorism. Since 9/11, military aid to Ethiopia Woyanne has soared, growing at least 2 1/2 times by 2006. A close intelligence-sharing relationship between the governments has burgeoned.

In the face of mounting evidence of atrocities, some U.S. officials are questioning the no-strings-attached backing of Ethiopia’s Woyanne’s army. "This is a country that is abusing its own people," said Rep. Donald M. Payne (D-N.J.), chairman of the House subcommittee on Africa and Global Health, accusing the Bush administration of "look[ing] the other way" as Ethiopia’s Woyanne’s abuses worsen. Last fall, the House passed the Ethiopia Democracy and Accountability Act, sponsored by Payne, to limit military aid to Ethiopia. It awaits action by the Senate. "The United States cannot afford to allow cooperation on the war on terror," Payne said, "to prevent us from taking a principled stance on democracy and human rights issues."

Ironically, unbridled support of Ethiopia’s Woyanne’s army in the interest of combating terrorism may serve as a powerful catalyst for anti-U.S. sentiment. "We hate the U.S.A. more than the Ethiopians," one Ogadeni told me. "It is guns and money from the U.S.A. that are killing our people."

If Washington wants to fight the rising tide of terrorism in the Horn of Africa, it cannot continue to turn a blind eye to the abuses of its closest ally in the region. The U.S. wields unique influence over Ethiopia; how it uses that influence will determine Ogaden’s future. Legislators should continue to press the Bush administration to help stop the bloodshed. Current levels of U.S. aid should be made contingent on Ethiopia’s Woyanne’s halting its attacks on civilians. That might sacrifice some goodwill with Ethiopian Woyanne officials — but it could save the people of the Ogaden.
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Ronan Farrow, a student at Yale Law School, has worked on human rights issues for the House Foreign Affairs Committee and recently accompanied a congressional delegation to the Horn of Africa.