25/12/08 (B479) Shabelle / Les tribunaux islamiques exécutent un homme à Baladweyne. Il avait été accusé de l’assassinat d’un responsable islamique. // Islamic Courts execute a man in Baladweyne (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

A court in Baladwayne town sentenced to death by executing a man accused of killing a commander of the Islamic Courts Union and another Islamist fighter in Baladweyne on Tuesday, about 300 kilometrs north of the capital.

The murderer has been in a jail for the last three days.

The execution was carried out by a man from the bereaved families.

The people in Baladweyne have welcomed the execution and described as the only step that can bring peace in the town.

It is the first step that the Islamic Courts Union carries out since they took control of the town when Ethiopian troops withdraw from Hiran region.

13/09/08 (B465) Shabelle / Des troupes islamistes prennent position dans la ville de Beledweyne, sana aucune résistance, après le retrait des troupes éthiopiennes, qui l’occupaient. Somali Islamists penetrate town after troop’s withthrow (En Anglais – Info lecteur – En Anglais)

Somalia insurgents have occupied Beledweyne, a town in central Somalia without resistance from army after the Ethiopian troops were in the town have pulled out to the outside of the town on Saturday morning.

Residents say hundreds of masked armed militia to have arrived in the town as soon as the Ethiopian troops went towards Jantakundishe area in the exterior of the town.

The group has refused to recognize a Djibouti ceasefire signed between government and one Islamist leader, saying they would continue with attacks until Ethiopian troops have left the country.

Some of the residents in the town, said that the insurgents have set up a base camp in town’s central police station, while it has taken over administration of town.

Government forces reportedly fled Beledweyne from the town, the headquarter of Hiran region.

Somalia’s transitional administration was formed in 2004 with help of United Nations, but it has failed to assert real control. After Islamic militants seized control of Mogadishu and most of southern Somalia, the government called in troops from Ethiopia in December 2006 to oust them.

Somalia has not had a functioning government since 1991, when warlords overthrew Dictator Mohamed Siad Barre and turned on each other.

01/09/08 (B463) Shabelle / De récents tirs d’une grande violence ce lundi matin à Mogadiscio pendant un accrochage entre les troupes gouvernementales et les tireurs islamistes. Fresh Fighting Rocks Mogadishu neighborhood (En Anglais – Info lectrice)

Fresh fighting rocked the lawless Somali capital on Monday morning as the government troops clashed with armed islamist fighters witnesses said.

Heavy machine guns and rocket fire resounded through streets of bullet-scarred Mogadishu after the two sides have started to fight head to head.

« Rival gunmen are currently fighting vigorously in Towfiq in Yaqshid district, » said Resident Mohamed Abdi Gheddi, adding that hundreds of families were fleeing the district as civilians were bearing the brunt of the damage.

« I have seen yet no deaths but I heard that People were hit by stray bullets when the violence first started but now most people have taken shelter and others fled » he added.

The fighting has started when armed masked men have additionally opened fire on police checkpoint in the district sparking additional minutes lasted fighting.

Its yet unknown the causalities of the two warred sides.

The recent fighting starts as the holy month of Ramadan started today.

Somali islamists have vowed that they would intensify their attack in the holy month of Ramadan.

The military spokesman of the Islamic courts Sheikh Abdirahim Isse Addow told Shabelle that they would double their insurgency against the Ethiopian troops in the country.

Since they were ousted from Mogadishu and large parts of the country by Ethiopian backed Somali troops the islamists are still waging heavy insurgency against the Government and the presence of the Ethiopian troops in the country.

Ethiopian troops entered Somalia late 2006 to help the interim government drive a rival Islamist movement from power.

26/08/08 (B462) Shabelle Media / Après de longs mois d’interruption, à cause des pirates, un navire affrêté par le PAM a enfin pu accoster à Mogadiscio, protégé par la marine canadienne. Aid ship docks in Somalia under Canada navy escort (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

By: Abdinasir Guled

A ship chartered by WFP docked yesterday in Mogadishu – the agency’s first delivery in the capital’s port after huge fears of pirates’ attacks.

The MV Abdurahman docked at Mogadishu port on Sunday loaded with 4,500 metric tons of WFP food of highly nutritious blended food and 30 tons of vegetable oil.

The food will be trucked to the drought stricken regions and IDPs camps.

A spate of pirate attacks in Somali waters and the killing of the aid workers in the last months forced WFP to impede its aid food to Somalia.

German, Iranian and Japanese – were hijacked by pirates off the Somali coast in an unprecedented series of attacks within two days as two ships survived from pirate attack in the similar days.

The Kuala Lumpur-based International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre said on Thursday that two other ships, one Iranian and the other Japanese, had been hijacked by pirates in the same area.

The German foreign ministry said it was investigating reports that a German cargo ship has been seized by pirates off the coast of Somalia.

A German-operated cargo ship, was the last to be targeted, at 0945 GMT, while the Iranian and Japanese tankers were hijacked earlier in the day between 0200 GMT and 0300 GMT.

Noel Chong, head of the International Maritime Bureau (IMB) Piracy Reporting Centre, said the recent attacks took place very near to each other, but he was not able to say whether the same group was responsible.

« Whether it’s a different group of pirates, we can’t tell until an investigation is carried out. We have sent out an urgent warning to all ships travelling through the Gulf of Aden, » he said.

On Tuesday, a Malaysian oil tanker carrying 39 crew members has been hijacked by pirates in the Gulf of Aden, between Somalia and Yemen, a maritime watchdog group said.

MISC Berhad, the company which owns the seized tanker ‘Bunga Melati Dua’, said the ship was hijacked at 1409 GMT.

The four ships had a total of 96 crew on board, including nine on the German vessel.

« We have already informed the US-led coalition naval forces who have dispatched a warship to intercept the tanker believed to be heading towards Somalian waters, » he said.

‘Worsening’ situation

Pirates usually demand a ransom from the owners, he added.

« This is the fourth ship being hijacked in a month in the waters, » Chong said.

« We call upon the UN and the international community to take immediate steps to stop the worsening security situation in these waters, » he said.

A statement, issued by MISC Berhad, said Bunga Melati Dua was heading towards the Dutch port of Rotterdam from Dumai, Sumatra Indonesia at the time of the incident.

« The ship has 39 crew, of which 29 are Malaysians and 10 Filipinos, » it said.

The waters off Nigeria and Somalia are the world’s most dangerous hotspots with 24 attacks reported in Somalia and 18 in Nigeria between April and June, according to IMB figures.

Of the 24 Somali attacks, 19 occurred in the Gulf of Aden off the country’s north coast.

Last week, a Thai cargo ship was hijacked off the Somali coast by pirates from Somalia.

Last week, pirates from Somalia hijacked two ships – a Thai cargo ship and a Nigerian boat.

Somali pirates are still holding a Japanese-managed vessel, the MV Stella Maris, that was hijacked on July 20.

In most cases, Somali pirates have treated captives with care in the hope of receiving substantial ransom payments.

Naval forces from the United States, France, Germany, Pakistan, Britain and Canada are operating in the Gulf region.

26/08/08 (B462) Shabelle / Deux parlementaires somaliens dénoncent des attaques à la grenade contre leurs maisons, qui n’ont pas causé de gros dégâts. MPs denounce attack on their homes (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Following a hand grenade attack on their residences on Monday night the first deputy speaker of Somali parliament and MP Osman Hassan Ali “Atto” have reciprocally slammed that attack saying “it was ill-advised”

Atto told Shabelle that one of his bodyguards was injured in that attack and he disallowed further causalities.

“Glory to God in the highest no large causalities happened on my property and people” Atto said.

Elsewhere Prof. Mohamed Omar Dalha the first deputy speaker of Somali parliament has announced that he had no causalities from that attack saying that the assailants have escaped.

The hurled bomb was hit at a site between the houses of the two legislative body members in Horseed village in Baidoa town the temporary seat of the parliament.

The government troops were guarding the two houses have opened additional fire to the attackers but no causalities from that fire were reported.

In the recent times there have been bomb attacks on MP’s houses as the city is under full control of Somalia’s shaky government that moved with the power of the Ethiopian troops.

22/08/08 (B461-B) Shabelle Media / Seymound Mesfin, le Ministre des A.E. éthiopiens s’en prend aux leaders politiques somaliens, en leur reprochant d’avoir plangé le pays dans le chaos, qui contrait des millions d’habitants à vivre dans la peur, la misère, les exécutions sommaires et la guerre permanente. Ethiopian FM blasts Somalia’s leaders (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

________________________________ Note de l’ARDHD

Certains observateurs estiment que ce Ministre pourrait aussi évoquer la responsabilité de son pays, dans l’installation du chaos, depuis que les forces armées éthiopiennes occupent le pays, sans obtenir de résultats tangibles, en sacrifiant inutilement leurs propres soldats et en se livrant à des voies de fait sur la population civile.

Certes ils ne sont pas les seuls, mais est-ce une excuse ?
_____________________________________________


Ethiopia has blasted Somalia’s political leaders for getting bogged down in ”internal squabbles” while millions of Somalis live on the brink of a humanitarian disaster in a country that remains violent and ungoverned.

Thousands of Ethiopian troops invaded Somalia at the end of 2006 to reinstall an interim government headed by president Abdullahi Yusuf. But it has a tenuous grip on power and its time in office has been marked by growing insurgency, clan warfare, and the mass displacement of civilians.

Seyoum Mesfin, Ethiopia’s foreign minister, told the Financial Times that a rift between the president and prime minister Nur Hassan Hussein, appointed eight months ago after his predecessor fell out with Mr Yusuf, was the biggest obstacle to peace.

Ethiopia’s own security and credibility are at stake in Somalia, which it invaded to oust a coalition of Islamist groups that had taken control. As the interim government’s main international backer, it has closeted the president and prime minister in Addis Ababa for the past week as it seeks to bridge the divide between them.

In Mogadishu, the Somali capital, Ethiopian soldiers and troops from the transitional federal government remain the target of almost daily attacks by Islamist insurgents and clan gunmen opposed to Mr Yusuf’s regime.

“The main challenge now is not what they call the enemy. It’s an intra-government crisis that is preventing them from focusing on the tasks they need to get done,” said Mr Mesfin. “There has been a lack of vigour and, if I may say so, a lack of commitment.”

Since the beginning of last year more than 8,000 Somalis have been killed and 1m forced from their homes by fighting, which has centred on the capital Mogadishu. Humanitarian relief efforts have been undermined by the assassination of aid workers and the United Nations says that, due also to the additional impact of a drought, up to 3.5m Somalis – or nearly half the population – could need food aid later this year.

But Mr Seyoum gave a less bleak account of the security situation today than many independent observers, saying the country was experiencing less daily violence than Iraq and Afghanistan. To create a durable peace, he said the president and the prime minster needed to implement plans to create regional administrations that would give people a greater stake in government and, potentially, help to reconcile Somalia’s warring clans and sub-clans.

The rift between the leaders overshadowed the signing of a peace agreement in Djibouti on Monday between the interim government and one of two factions of the Somali political opposition. The agreement was welcomed on Thursday by the African Union, but it did little to lighten a mood of gloom among western diplomats who follow Somalia, because it had already been rejected by the other faction as well as by the al-Shabaab Islamist extremists leading the insurgency.

Mr Seyoum said that al-Shabaab, which the US says is linked to al-Qaeda, had been critically weakened: “They cannot sustain their own activities, let alone disband the government.” But other analysts say their strength and boldness appears to be increasing.

22/08/08 (B461-B) Shabelle Media / Un coréen blessé au Puntland, lors d’une tentative de kidnapping qui a été manquée. South Korean national injured in Somalia, kidnap fails (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

By: Abdinasir Guled

Armed men in the semiautonomous region of Puntland, northeastern Somalia have injured a South Korean man in Garowe town witnesses officials told Shabelle on Friday.

That man who was militarily-educated has refused to go along with the assailants those attempted to kidnap him but they opened fire him and hit several bullets on the right leg.

The Russian doctor who treated the South Korean man said his patient was in stable condition. "His wounds are not life-threatening," he said.

"He was very shocked by the attack but he was unable to explain who his assailants were," the doctor added.

A Puntland police officer speaking to Shabelle on condition of anonymity said the attackers fled the scene after failing to abduct the South Korean national.

"There was a plan to kidnap him and demand a ransom… We are getting some information about the identity of the attackers and we will take immediate action," the officer said.

The reason behind the victim’s presence in the lawless region was not immediately clear.

Foreigners as well as Somalis employed by foreign organisations have been systematically targeted by kidnappers in Somalia in recent months.

Puntland is a also a hub for pirates hijacking cargo ships off the coast of Somalia and for traffickers smuggling everything from weapons to people across the Gulf of Aden.

19/08/08 (B461) Shabelle and Alwatan / Somali Gov makes oil deal with KEC and Medco Energi International

_______________________________ Note de l’ARDHD

Une guerre sans des intérêts pétroliers ne dure jamais aussi longtemps. La clef de l’énigme ???
_____________________________________________

By: Abdinasir Guled

The government of Somalia signed a shareholders agreement with Kuwait Energy Company (KEC) and Indonesia »s Medco Energi International Tbk on Tuesday to govern the activities at the Somalia Petroleum Corporation.

According to the agreement, the government of Somalia will hold a 51 percent stake, while Kuwait Energy Company and Medco Energy International will each hold 24.5 percent.

Addressing the members of the press on the sidelines of the signing ceremony, Somalia »s Minister of Energy and Mining, Eng. Mohamoud Ali Salah Kanje said: « This is a milestone event for the Republic of Somalia. Forming Somalia Petroleum Corporation not only provides a firm and transparent basis for developing the oil and gas industry in Somalia, but it in addition it enables the Ministry of Energy and Mining to tap into the natural resources of the country to generate revenue for its people thereby eradicating the prevailing poverty and eliminating the prevailing instability. »

The deal comes as a part of the Petroleum Law of Somalia which was approved by the President Abdullahi Yousef Ahmed on August 7.

Commenting on the strategic tie up, CEO of Kuwait Energy Company, Sara Akbar, said: « We are delighted to have executed the Shareholders » Agreement with the Transitional Federal Government of the Republic of Somalia along with our strategic partner in Indonesia, Medco Energi International. The three of us have been working closely for three years to get the Petroleum Law of Somalia enacted and form the Somalia Petroleum Corporation. We hope this collaboration will not only generate income for Somalia, but will also assist in building the infrastructure of the country for the general welfare of its people. We are very happy to be able to help Somalia and look forward to continued cooperation. »

Meanwhile, commenting on the tie up with KEC and Somali government, CEO of Medco Energi International, Darmoyo Doyoatmojo said: « Medco is proud to have been the pioneer, along with its partner Kuwait Energy Company, and a catalyst for building the foundations of the oil industry in Somalia. The oil and gas industry could prove to be a significant source of income for the Government, while directly or indirectly reducing unemployment in the years to come, leading to the establishment of local Somali service companies. We look forward to building our relationship in Somalia. »

Somalia has been without a fully functioning central government since 1991. De facto decentralization of political power occurred in the 1990 »s, with varying degree of control achieved by militia and clan leaders in some parts of the country, while traditional forms of governance reـestablished political stability and functioning administration in other regions, namely Puntland and Somaliland.

It is anticipated that following the enactment of the Petroleum Law and the formation of the national petroleum company, there will be a model production sharing agreement, with the intent of launching an international bidding round for exploration blocks in Somalia during 2009.