12/08/07 (B408) ALL AFRICA : Les USA vont installer en Afrique, leur quatrième commandement militaire opérationnel (hors des USA) pour assurer non seulement la sécurité, mais aussi la coordination de leurs troupes en opération dans différents pays. Le délai est de 3 à 5 ans et le pays retenu n’est pas encore connu.- Ethiopia: U.S. to Set Up African Command (The Reporter – Addis Ababa) (Info lecteur – En Anglais)

11 August 2007
Bruck Shewareged
Addis Ababa

The United States is to set up an African command, making it the fourth command which will be tasked with coordinating the U.S. army’s activities in the continent, U.S. ambassador to the African Union (AU) Cindy L. Courville disclosed.

Briefing local journalists after a visit to the Combined Joint Task Force – Horn of Africa (CJTF-HDA) in Djibouti and to the USS Enterprise, U.S. Navy Carrier currently docked off the cost of Djibouti, Ambassador Courville said that the post-cold war, post-9/11 world offers an opportunity to rethink the situation.

She pointed out that the U.S. army’s engagement was not limited to security but also to development as army personnel are involved in different activities such as building school.

Currently the U.S. has three commands overseas including the European Command based in Stuttgart, Germany which is also responsible for most of Africa, the Central Command, which is responsible for the East, and the Pacific Command, which oversee matters in most of the islands.

Ambassador Courville noted that so far no decision had been made as to where the base of the African command will be. « No decisions have been made as to where it will be located or as to whether or not it will be one location. It is still under discussion. »

She also said that it was difficult to put a time frame as to when the command will be fully established. She disclosed that a sub-combatant command would be established before setting up a full command. This command, according to the ambassador, will remain in Stuttgart, Germany probably for the next year as further decisions are made.

Ambassador Courville indicated that probably in the next three to five years the process of establishing the African command could be wound up.

« It is a big decision. Headquarters are where families will be. They need facilities to accommodate them, » she said, adding, « It takes a lot of money to make the shift. Where do your place the staff, is the infrastructure of the host country adequate etc. »

19/11/06 (B370) The reporter (Addis Abeba) Le secrétaire général des Nations unies met en garde les pays voisins contre une intervention en possible en Somalie et il dénonce la livraison d’armes et le financement en particulier des forces islamiques par de nombreux états dont Djibouti. (Info lecteur – En anglais)

The Reporter
(Addis Ababa)

November
18, 2006
Posted to the web November 19, 2006

UN Secretary
General Kofi Annan warned Somalia’s neighbours to stay out on Wednesday, as
UN experts painted an alarming picture of foreign and extremist intervention
in a nation on the brink of all-out war that could engulf the Horn of Africa.

« We
have a very serious situation in Somalia, » Annan told reporters at a
UN climate change conference in the Kenyan capital, urging the country’s weak
government and powerful Islamist movement to return to peace talks.

As a new
report emerged detailing « rampant arms flows » to both Somali sides
in violation of a 1992 UN arms embargo, he also called for other nations to
keep clear and prevent the situation from deteriorating into full-scale war.
« It is already a difficult and volatile situation, » Annan said.
« We do not need to see it further complicated by neighbouring countries
rushing in with troops or guns to support one side. It will only compound
the problem. »

The report,
to be presented this week to the UN Security Council, says that seven nations
and the militant Lebanese movement Hizbullah have sent military aid to the
Islamists, while three countries are backing the government. It says the « unprecedented
and highly exacerbated » situation contains « all of the ingredients
for the increasing possibility of a violent, widespread, and protracted military
conflict » in most of Somalia.

« Moreover,
there is the distinct possibility that (it) may spill over into a direct state-to-state
conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea, as well as acts of terrorism in other
vulnerable states of the region, » it says.

Arch-foes
Ethiopia and Eritrea, still at odds over their 1998-2000 border war, have
thousands of combat troops in Somalia, according to the report. Both countries
deny this, although Ethiopia admits to sending military advisers. Backing
the Islamists are Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Syria
and Hizbullah, while Ethiopia, Uganda and Yemen are supporting the government,
according to the report, a copy of which was obtained by AFP.

Nearly
all of the named nations deny violating the arms embargo but the report provides
detailed information about weapons shipments, including shoulder-fired surface-to-air
missiles and other sophisticated equipment, and the provision of other military
aid.

The 80-page
report covers the period from May to October, during which time the Islamists
seized Mogadishu from US-backed warlords and took control of much of southern
and central Somalia, imposing a harsh brand of Sharia law. The Islamists and
government are now girding for battle in two areas, one around the government
seat of Baidoa and the other near the border with the semi-autonomous enclave
of Puntland, north of Mogadishu.

The report
records names, dates and locations of such transactions, including a donation
to the Islamists of one million dollars by Libya and the creation of a reciprocal
relationship between the Islamists and Hizbullah.

Eritrea,
it says, provided the Islamists with « at least 28 separate consignments
of arms, ammunition and military equipment, » including a July 23 delivery
of the surface-to-air missiles and infrared-guided anti-tank weapons. Shipments
to the Islamists from other countries, notably Iran, Egypt and Syria are also
detailed, as is the July 27 departure of 200 Muslim gunmen from Somalia to
Syria « to undergo military training in guerrilla warfare. »

It also
said the Islamists sent about 720 battle-hardened fighters to Lebanon in mid-July
to wage war against Israel alongside Hizbullah.

Only about
80 returned to Somalia, the report says. In exchange, according to the report,
Hizbullah arranged for additional support to be given to the Islamists by
Iran and Syria, both of which are accused by the United States and others
of supporting terrorism.

Elements
in the Somali Islamist movement are believed to have ties with al-Qaeda and
earlier this month the United States warned US citizens in neighbouring Kenya
and Ethiopia of suicide attacks by Somali extremists. Somalia has been without
a functioning central authority since the 1991 ousting of strongman Mohamed
Siad Barre and the two-year-old transitional government has been unable to
assert control.