24/03/10 (B543) VOA News a organisé dimanche dernier, un débat en langue Soamli, qui a été diffusé en deux parties sur son antenne – A écouter en intégralité sur notre site. (Info lecteur)

___________________________ Note de l’ARDHD
Nous espérons que nos correspondants habituels pourront traduire en Français, les points forts du débat et les arguments de chacun, afin de les faire partager aux lecteurs qui ne comprennent pas le Somali.

______________________________________ VOA NEWS

La présentation du débat nous a été envoyée par un lecteur avec des petites informations sur chacun des invités ….

L´élection présidentielle a djibouti qui se tiendra début 2011. IOG a été élu président de la république de djibouti avril 1999 et réélu avril 2005 (comme nous fait croire la radio VOA). la constitution de djibouti permet que président guelleh soit élu 2 mandat présidentielle A djibouti il y a un projet pour changer la constitution pour que IOG se représente une 3 eme fois a la tête de l´etat. l´oppossition djiboutienne et le peuple djiboutien qui sont contre cette changement de la constitution .

La radio VOA lance un débat entre le parti au pouvoir et les opposants djiboutien qui sont pour et contre le changement de la constitution de djibouti.

Les invités étaient:


Abdi Ibrahim Mohamed
(alias Gabriel) un député de la chambre d´enregistrement du dictateur Guelleh, qui est le vice-président du groupe RPP à l’AN

Aden Robleh Awaleh qui vit a Djibouti (PND), député lui aussi. Il a récemment annoncé sa candidature à l’élection présidentielle, pour proposer ensuite d’appliquer un moratoire durant deux ans, pour permettre à IOG de rester à son poste … et d’organiser, dit-il, dans le calme, des élections libres ..

Daher Ahmed Farah qui vit en Belgique et président du MRD

– Idriss Asoweh qui vit en Grande Bretagne. Certains compatriotes se demandent s’il ne jouerait pas parfois un double jeu en faveur du régime dictatorial parce qu’il lui arriverait de soutenir Guelleh. Oublierait-t-il, ajoute notre lecteur, dans ces occasions, qu´il fut un membre actif du PRD à l´époque de feu Elabe ?

__________________________ 1ère partie du débat sur VoaNews

Ecouter en direct (Format WMA)

Télécharger en MP3 : lien

__________________________ 2ème partie du débat sur VoaNews

Ecouter en direct (Format WMA)

Télécharger en MP3 : lien

23/03/10 (B543) Voice of America (VOA News) – Une interview de Boreh à lire et à entendre. (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

_________ I – A. Boreh s’est exprimé sur VOA NEWS en Anglais.

1°) A écouter en direct (WMA)

2°) A télécharger en MP3
Lien de téléchargement

_______________________ II – A lire (En Anglais)

Constitutional Amendment Could Undermine Djibouti’s Peace and Security, Opposition Figure Says

An independent presidential candidate says Djibouti could be plunged into chaos if President Ismail Omar Guelleh changes the constitution that extends his mandate which is due to expire ahead of the April 2011 general election.

Peter Clottey 22 March 2010

An independent presidential candidate says Djibouti could be plunged into chaos if President Ismail Omar Guelleh changes the constitution that extends his mandate which is due to expire ahead of the April 2011 general election.

Abdirahman Boreh said opposition parties are in negotiations to form a coalition to challenge the ruling People’s Rally for Progress (RPP) in the vote.

“Our constitution states clearly that there should be a referendum. Secondly, if it is democracy you know you can change the constitution (on) minor things but you cannot change the fact that we have two terms election for the (presidential) terms. If the people cannot take back the power from the government and chose their own president, then there is no democracy,” he said.

President Guelleh was quoted as saying the people of Djibouti are demanding a change to the constitution which will extend presidential term limits.

« This is a demand from our population and this will be next year. Let us wait for the outcome of the national commission that is working on the subject,” President Guelleh was quoted as saying.

But Boreh claims the people of Djibouti are despondent under President Guelleh’s leadership.

“You have studies made by the UN; you have got studies by the World Food Program, the Red Cross, USAID, showing exactly the level of poverty the level of unemployment, the anxiety in Djibouti (and) the instability that is developing because people are unhappy,” Boreh said.

Under Djibouti’s 1992 constitution, the president is elected by popular vote for a six-year term. The prime minister is appointed by the president and the Council of Ministers is responsible to the president.

The constitution, which was approved by the electorate in September 1992, maintained many laws and decrees from before independence.

Political observers say the ruling RPP party tightly controls Djibouti’s political activities despite the recent constitution that legalized opposition political parties.

Boreh said the opposition parties will soon form a coalition to challenge the ruling RPP in next year’s vote.

“It’s (discussion) is very advanced. There are already three political parties, which came together (and) there are two more coming. There would be five out of the existing eight parties which are now in Djibouti,” Boreh said.

01/07/09 (B505) Un membre du comité d’organisation du premier forum de l’opposition unie et constructive (qui s’est tenu à Bruxelles, le 27 juin) a été interviewé sur VOA. (A écouter et/ ou à télécharger) Suite à une erreur de notre correspondant, le fichier son a été modifié le 1/07 à 20:00 (Heure de Paris)

1 – Ecouter l’interview sur VOA (Format .Wma)

2 – Télécharger le fichier :

Cliquez ici (format .MP3)

13/04/09 (B494) L’impasse des Américains vis à vis des pirates somaliens est la source d’un débat sur la politique américaine dans la Corne de l’Afrique // Somalia Standoff Generates US Policy Debate (VOA News – En Anglais – Info lecteur)

The standoff between the U.S. Navy and pirates off the coast of Somalia is generating debate within the Obama administration over policy toward the Horn of Africa nation.

The Washington Post has a report Saturday on how U.S. officials are discussing the more general Somalia problem, and the potential terrorist threat of the Somali extremist group, al-Shabab.

National security officials were quoted as saying a debate is taking place on whether a preemptive missile strike against al-Shabab is warranted.

U.S. officials said the group, which controls parts of Somalia, poses a dilemma.

They point to its rapid expansion, ties between its leaders and the al-Qaida terror network, and the presence of Americans and Europeans within its ranks. But they said there is no evidence the group is planning attacks outside Somalia.

They were also quoted as saying the Obama administration differentiates itself from the former Bush administration by taking a more cautious, and less aggressive approach, on such security matters.

Previous administrations have also grappled with Somalia as a failed state.

In 1993, then President Bill Clinton ordered U.S. troops to track down a Somali warlord, leading to a long firefight in which 18 American soldiers were killed. The battle led to the book and movie called Black Hawk Down.

29/04/08 (B445) VOA NEWS : Une explosion dans le Sud Ouest de la Soamlie fait plusieurs victimes dans les rangs éthiopiens et parmi les civils : 6 morts et des blessés. Somali Explosion Kills Ethiopian Troops, Triggers Accidental Civilian Deaths (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Witnesses in southwestern Somalia say an explosion has killed four Ethiopian troops and triggered gunfire that killed two Somali civilians.

Civilians flee with their belongings from Somalia’s capital, Mogadishu, following clashes between Islamist rebels and Somali troops, 28 Apr 2008

Residents of Baidoa said Tuesday that a roadside bomb killed the Ethiopian soldiers late Monday. The witnesses said other troops responded to the attack by opening fire, killing two civilian bystanders.

Baidoa is about 250 kilometers west of the capital, Mogadishu, and is the seat of the Somali parliament.

Ethiopian troops supporting Somalia’s government come under frequent attack from Islamist insurgents. A joint government-Ethiopian offensive drove Islamists from power in southern Somalia in late 2006.

Separately, officials said 10 people were killed and at least 11 wounded in a land dispute Monday in the southwestern Gedo region.

Disputes between rival clans over land and water are common in Somalia, which has not had a stable central government since 1991

08/08/06 (B362) Le Minstre éthiopien des A.E. en visite en Somalie, médiatise la crise politique au sein du Gouvernement transitoire (VOA News avec AP et Reuters – Info lecteur, en anglais)

__________________________________ 1 – VOA NEWS

Ethiopian Foreign Minister Visits Somalia to Mediate Political Crisis
By VOA News
05 August 2006

Ethiopia’s foreign minister is visiting Somalia to mediate a dispute within Somalia’s transitional government.

Somali spokesman Abdirahman Dinari says Ethiopian Foreign Minister Seyoum Mesfin Saturday met with Somali President Abdullahi Yusuf in the southern town of Baidoa, where the government is based.

Seyoum is trying to mend a growing rift within the largely-powerless government. Since last week, 40 officials have quit, including more than one-third of the cabinet.

Most of the former officials blame the crisis on Somali Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi. They say he has been reluctant to pursue peace talks with Islamic militias.

Late Friday, Mr. Gedi nominated seven new ministers to fill vacated posts. The president must approve the appointments.

Mr. Gedi has vowed to stay in power despite the mass defections from the government.

Baidoa is the only southern town that Mr. Gedi’s government controls. Somalia’s Islamic courts have extended their influence over most of the south since they took control of the capital, Mogadishu, in June.

Some information for this report was provided by AP and Reuters.

______________________________ 2 – Reuters

BAIDOA (Reuters) – An Ethiopian delegation arrived in Somalia on Saturday to meet with top officials and help resolve a political crisis threatening the fragile interim administration, a government spokesman said.

"An Ethiopian delegation led by Foreign Affairs Minister Seyoum Mesfin arrived this morning in Baidoa and held a closed-door meeting with President Abdullahi Yusuf," Somalia government spokesman Abdirahman Dinari told Reuters.

"They came to settle the differences between the top officials of Somalia’s government."

Politicians say the government is split between Yusuf and parliamentary speaker Sharif Hassan Sheikh Adan, and Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi who asked for proposed talks with rival Islamists to be postponed.

In the past week, 40 senior officials have deserted the government, many of them citing Gedi’s reluctance to reach out to the Islamists who control a large swathe of south Somalia.

Source: Reuters, Aug 5, 2006

_________________________________________ 3 – SA

Baidoa – Two Ethiopian ministers held talks with Somalia’s interim president and prime minister on Saturday, in a bid to solve a political row threatening the unity of the 18-month transitional government.

Ethiopian foreign affairs minister Seyum Mesfin and culture minister Mohamed Dirir held separate consultations with prime minister Ali Mohamed Gedi and President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, who have disagreed on whether to hold talks with the powerful Islamic courts in Somalia.

"The two ministers are here to try and stabilise the situation and reconcile the president and the prime minister," said government spokesperson Abdirahman Mohamed Dinari.

Yusuf and parliament speaker, Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden, have shown interest in negotiating with the Supreme Islamic Council of Somalia (SICS), but Gedi has been hesitant.

Officials said the fall out occurred when Yusuf and Aden insisted on sending delegates to the Arab League-mediated talks with the courts in Sudan, despite Gedi’s call for a postponement of the second round talks.

At least 38 ministers have quit the 102-member cabinet in the past week, protesting against Gedi’s policies, notably the deployment of Ethiopian troops to protect his government and his reluctance to engage in peace talks with the courts.
Gedi replaced seven ministers in efforts to reconstruct his government on Friday.

The transitional government is based in the provincial town of Baidoa, about 250km northwest of the capital Mogadishu.

The Islamic courts control Mogadishu and much of the country. They have refused to old peace talks with the government until Ethiopian troops are withdrawn.

The transitional government was appointed in Kenya in 2004, after more than two years of peace talks.