Articles

04/07/2014 (Brève 406) Selon un article (accès payant) de LOI, Djibouti et l’Ethiopie étudierait un projet d’intégration économique qui pourrait conduire à une union politique …

Cette information confirme ce que nous disons depuis des années, à savoir que l’Ethiopie et l’Erythrée surveillent attentivement Djibouti et son port.

Le premier (l’Ethiopie) parce qu’il n’a plus de débouchés maritimes depuis l’indépendance de l’Erythrée et le second (l’Erythrée) parce qu’il veut empêcher à tout prix son voisin ethiopien d’accéder à la mer et qu’il pourrait utiliser des moyens divers, allant depuis un envahissement militaire improbable jusqu’à une déstabilisation avec le concours d’agitateurs sur place.

Certes Addis Abeba peut utiliser d’autres ports, au Somaliland ou au Kenya, mais il semble que ce soit celui de Djibouti qui réponde le mieux à ses besoins énormes en matière de frêt, avec une route praticable et la possibilité de remettre en marche la ligne de chemin de fer. De plus rappelons qu’IOG est éthiopien de naissance, ce qui facilite probablement les négociations en vue d’une possible intégration de Djibouti au sein de son grand voisin.

Cela dit cette annonce peut surprendre et nous n’avons aucune information sur la position des pays qui disposent soit de bases avancées à Djibouti soit d’une présence militaire permanente : France, USA, Japon, Allemagne, Espagne, Corée (?), Chine (?), etc….

L’article évoque aussi les problèmes de santé du dictateur et sa présence au défilé du 27 juin, mais en position « assise » ….. (contrairement aux images diffusées par la RTD, qui étaient sans aucun doute, des images d’archive). En fait LOI parle de la succession de Guelleh et de l’absence pour le moment de candidat crédible et reconnu…. pour faire perdurer le régime ….

En conclusion, il y a fort à parier qu’une majorité de la population djiboutienne légitimes, ne voie pas d’un très bon oeil, l’association progressive avec l’Ethiopie et un régime qui est aussi très autoritaire et qui favorise la suprématie des ethnies dominantes … que péseront 900.000 djiboutiens s’ils étaient rattachés à 90 millions d’éthiopiens ?

Mais Guelleh n’a pas l’habitude de demander l’avis du peuple et il ne le fera pas, préférant conforter ses intérêts personnels … et ceux de sa famille, puis ceux de ses obligés traditionnels.

03/08/07 (B406) BBC / L’Ethiopie dénonce les accusations selon lesquelles ses forces de sécurité auraient mis en place un blocus alimentaire dans la région Est de l’Ogaden et brûlé deux villages. Elle accuse les forces islamistes d’Ethiopie et de Somalie de conduire des actions de désinformation. Ethiopia has dismissed allegations that its security forces have imposed a food aid blockade in the eastern region of Ogaden and have burned down villages. (En Anglais – info lecteur)

An Ethiopian foreign ministry statement said Eritrea and Somalia’s Islamist movement are conducting disinformation.

In July, Human Rights Watch accused Ethiopia of removing people, especially those with suspected rebel links.

Ethiopia government acknowledged it had ordered the International Red Cross to stop work in the area last month.

"Various parties, in particular members of certain foreign media with their own hidden agenda and mission, have been disseminating erroneous stories alleging that the Ethiopian government was blockading emergency food aid, restricting trade, causing price hikes and burning down villages in retaliation for support given to the so-called Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF)," the Ethiopian statement read.

‘Terrorist group’

"The truth, however, is that the ONLF, a terrorist group acting in collaboration with the defunct Union of Islamic Courts and the Eritrean government, has been committing various heinous atrocities in the region."

According to the statement, the regional authorities had "ascertained beyond any doubt that the International Committee of the Red Cross Office/Delegation in the region has been serving as a source of various supplies, and as a conduit for financial and logistical support to the ONLF".

The ICRC, which was carrying out water and sanitation projects in the area, has denied accusations that it aided the rebels.

Ethiopia’s eastern Ogaden region shares a long and porous border with Somalia, and most of its people are of the Somali ethnic group.

The ONLF has fought for the secession of the Ogaden region since the early 1990s.

It accuses the government of blockading the region, and producing a "man-made famine".

03/08/07 (B406) SH NETWORK – Des tirs de mortier éthiopien causent la mort de 10 civils et blessent 25 personnes à Mogadiscio. Ethiopian mortar bombs kill ten in Somalia capital overnight (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Aweys Osman Yusuf

Mogadishu 02, August.07 ( Sh.M.Network)- Nearly ten people have been killed and more than 25 have been wounded in Mogadishu, the Somali capital, in overnight barrage of mortar bombs exchanged by Ethiopian troops based in the capital and suspected Islamist-led insurgents.

Witnesses reported Thursday that more than 40 mortar rounds fired by Ethiopian troops based in Mogadishu’s biggest football stadium and former Somali Defense Ministry targeted the residential area of Odweyne in Hodan district, south of the capital, claiming the lives of at least ten civilians, including four women, and wounding more than 25.

One of the residents, who asked to remain anonymous because he was afraid of reprisal, told Shabelle that a group of insurgents attacked the Ethiopian bases from the residence, firing mortars.

"The Ethiopians in the Stadium and in former Somalia Defense Ministry responded with more than 50 artillery bombs. After the Ethiopians stopped bombing us, the neighbors came out trying to rush the wounded to Medina hospital, but we were stopped by government troops somewhere closer to the hospital, sparking the death of two of the wounded after hemorrhaging," he said, indicating that the soldiers later allowed them to proceed to the hospital.

Our reporter, Abdirahman Yusuf, in the area said the people who died in last night’s incident included three people from the same family same home. "There were also children that were among the dead," he said.

The insurgents also attacked the government troops positioned in Villa Baidoa, near the capital’s international airport. The head of the government police forces assigned to pacify the capital, Col. Hussein Dhumal, told Shabelle that unknown gunmen attacked the troops.

"They killed a poor woman who was selling tea and wounded nine soldiers. It was kind of hit and run attack. It was barbaric," he said.

He accused the Islamist rebels of targeting innocent civilians. "They always claim the lives innocent Somalis. They have killed a poor woman who was earning income from selling tea in the open to feed her own children," he said

On Tuesday, six people were killed and a dozen more were wounded in Mogadishu after a roadside bomb targeting a government battlewagon was remotely detonated.
Witnesses said the bomb exploded after the pick-up truck mounted with anti-tank gun, carrying a number of Somali troops passed the road where it was planted.

"Many people were moving along the road when it was remotely blown up by unknown gunmen. The troops opened fire indiscriminately, getting on their journey," said, Derie Ali, a witness.

More than 150 people, most of them civilians, are believed to have been killed in Mogadishu violence since government troops occupied the capital’s open-air market, Bakara, in early July.

03/08/07 (B406) SH NETWORK / L.e Président Somalien Yussuf reconnaît que 400 jeunes ont été tués durant les combats qui ont opposé son clan à celui du Président du Puntland. Somalia president, Abdulahin Yusuf Ahmed, revealed Wednesday that nearly 400 young men were killed in the fighting that took place between his clan militiamen and the militias loyal to Adde Mussa, the current president of Puntland, the semiautonomous province, in northeast Somalia. (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

President Yusuf, who is due to return to Mogadishu on Thursday from Puntland, addressed hundreds of Puntlanders that gathered in the town of Garowe to celebrate August1 anniversary when the regional administration was set up.

"When we speak about the truth, more than 350 young men died in the harsh battles that occurred between me and Adde Mussa," he said.

The president’s remarks come as the ten civilians, including women and children, were killed in the Somali capital, Mogadishu, on Thursday after more than 40 mortars fired by Ethiopian forces in the capital targeted a residential area.

One of the residents, who asked to remain anonymous because he was afraid of reprisal, told Shabelle that a group of insurgents attacked the Ethiopian bases from the residence, firing mortars.

"The Ethiopians in the Stadium and in former Somalia Defense Ministry responded with more than 50 artillery bombs. After the Ethiopians stopped bombing us, the neighbors came out trying to rush the wounded to Medina hospital, but we were stopped by government troops somewhere closer to the hospital, sparking the death of two of the wounded after hemorrhaging," he said, indicating that the soldiers later allowed them to proceed to the hospital.

03/08/07 (B406) SH NETWORK / Somalie : une grenade tue un militaire éthiopien au Nord de Mogadiscio. Somalia: A Grenade blast kills an Ethiopian soldier in north Mogadishu (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Aweys Osman Yusuf

Mogadishu 02, August.07 ( Sh.M.Network)- An Ethiopian soldier was killed while a Somali civilian was wounded after unknown gunmen hurled a grenade at 4 Ethiopian soldiers passing by the main road of Ex-Control Balad in north of Mogadishu, the Somali capital, on Thursday.

Witnesses said the Ethiopians opened fire at every direction after the explosion. "Unknown gunmen hurled a grenade at 4 Ethiopian troops crossing the intersection. The blast instantly killed one of them, while the others opened fire indiscriminately," said one witness, who refused to be named.

A large number of Ethiopian troops soon arrived at the site of the blast sealing off the whole vicinity and searching houses nearby.

Meanwhile, at least ten people have been killed and more than 25 have been wounded in Mogadishu last night after a barrage of mortar bombs exchanged by Ethiopian troops based in the capital and suspected Islamist-led insurgents targeted a residential area of Odweyne in Hodan district, south of the capital.
Women and children were among the dead.

03/08/07 (B406) SH NETWORK : Sortir de l’impasse consitutionnelle en Somalie : le débat est lancé par des parlementaires sur la légitimité du Premier Ministre. Somalia lawmakers deadlocked in the country’s decisions (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Aweys Osman Yusuf

Mogadishu 01, August.07 ( Sh.M.Network)- Members of Somalia’s interim parliament demanded that president, Abdulahi Yusuf, interfere in the bitter debate among the parliamentarians over whether to vote for enabling the parliament to have the capacity to stay update with the decisions made by the Western-backed transitional government.

Asha Abdalla, a lawmaker, lashed out at Prime Minister, Ali Mohammed Gedi, stating that his government was illegitimate and that its mandate expired already.

She called on the president to come forward before the parliament and take part in resolving the deadlock within the legislative body.

"It is legal that the government should ask for confident votes from the parliament for every single judgment it is making, and it is our federal charter," she said in an interview with Shabelle on Wednesday.

There was a harsh debate in the parliament’s latest get-together on Tuesday as lawmakers were divided between supporters and opponents of the motion to deal with the government’s conclusions.

Salad Ali Jelle, Somalia deputy defense minister and lawmaker, opposed the notion, indicating that it was not the time the parliament should argue over such a motion.

"My bureau has done a great job for this country. I do not anticipate that the parliament should debate whether it must ask to keep abreast of my decisions, but I rather expect compliments from the transitional parliament," he said while addressing the legislators on Tuesday.

The parliament argument comes as the government was engaged in pacifying the volatile city, Mogadishu, where the country’s national reconciliation conference has been maintaining for the 17th day.

President Yusuf, who is currently in the semiautonomous province of Puntland in northeast Somalia, has made no comments on the issue yet.

02/08/07 (B406) AP / Somalie : huit morts et 20 blessés dans des affrontements à Mogadiscio (Info lectrice)

Des échanges de tirs ont secoué Mogadiscio dans la nuit de mercredi à jeudi tandis que des obus de mortiers s’abattaient sur un secteur résidentiel de la capitale somalienne, faisant huit morts -dont une femme enceinte- et plus de 20 blessés, ont rapporté des témoins, jeudi.

Les mortiers sont entrés en action après une fusillade de 30 minutes opposant des insurgés aux troupes régulières éthiopiennes chargées de la protection du fragile gouvernement somalien.

Mogadiscio n’a connu que peu de répit depuis décembre dernier, date à laquelle les forces éthiopiennes ont repris le contrôle de la ville aux mains d’une organisation islamiste. Le Conseil des tribunaux islamiques a juré depuis d’instaurer une guérilla à l’irakienne jusqu’à l’avènement d’un Etat islamique en Somalie.

Le gouvernement somalien a été formé en 2004 avec l’aide des Nations unies mais n’a jamais été en mesure d’exercer un véritable contrôle.

02/08/07 (B406) BBC / Des civils meurent dans les combats de Mogadiscio – De nombreux habitants continuent à fuir la capitable – Civilians die in Mogadishu battle (En Anglais – Info lectrice)

At least eight people have been killed during overnight gun battles between insurgents and government troops in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu.

A BBC correspondent said most of the dead are civilians whose houses were bombarded by mortars.

Insurgents attacked an army base that hosts Ethiopian and government troops sparking the half-hour long battle.

Islamists and other insurgents oppose the presence of Ethiopian troops who support Somalia’s interim government.

The BBC’s Mohammed Olad Hassan in Mogadishu says many civilians were caught in the crossfire which left at least 20 of them seriously injured.

"A mother and two of her daughters were killed when mortars landed on their house during the fighting," Mohammed Deeq told Associated Press news agency.

Exodus

Some 10,000 residents have fled Mogadishu in the past month following an increase of violence in the city since reconciliation talks began, according to the UN.

The UN has accused Ethiopia’s arch-rival, Eritrea, of arming insurgents and Islamists opposed to the interim government: a claim Eritrea denies.

A report by the UN says there are many more arms in Somalia than at any time since the civil war began in 1991.

Last December, the interim government, backed by Ethiopia, ousted the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC), an Islamist group that had taken control of much of southern Somalia.

Union of Islamic Courts (UIC) representatives and MPs opposed to the transitional government led by the deputy Prime Minister Hussein Aideed, are planning parallel reconciliation talks in Asmara.