11/07/09 (B507) Les traits de l’Erythrée … (2 articles en Anglais et en Français)

________________ 2 – All Africa avec Shabit (En Anglais)

Revue de presse par le Ministre des Affaires étrangères de l’Erythrée. Le gouvernement érythrée rejette les mises en garde de l’ONU – Conseil de sécurité.

The Security Council released a presidential statement on Somalia yesterday, 9 July 2009. The statement does not merit an elaborate response as the true facts surrounding the matter are well-known indeed. For the record, however, the factual and legal dimensions underpinning the whole episode are underlined bellow.

The Security Council does not possess providential authority. The Security Council is not above the law. The Security Council cannot supplant international law and the Charter of the United Nations. The Security Council cannot violate the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence, and unity of Somalia in an arbitrary manner. As such, the Security Council has no legal mandate or authority to dub as “legitimate” and impose a “government” whose writ is confined to few suburbs in the capital on the Somali people against their will.

In the same vein, the following simple questions can be raised:

Does the Security Council recognize governments established in “Somaliland”, “Puntland” or Kismayo as sovereign or transitional entities? If the Security Council does afford them its recognition, then what is the legal basis of its decisions? If it does not recognize them, what are the reasons?

What about the Security Council resolution 1725 (2006) passed on December 6, 2006, which calls for ” respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence, and unity of Somalia”?

The Government and People of Eritrea have not recognized, do not recognize and will not recognize any government that is externally imposed on Somalia against the choice of the Somali people and in contravention of international law as well as the Charter of the United Nations.

In the event, the statement outwardly sponsored by the United Kingdom and Uganda and released in the name of presidency of the Security Council is devoid of any legality.

Instead of making statements that contradict each other and that are predicated on multiple standards which subsequently diminish its stature, the Security Council should have taken commensurate legal action against all those who prolong and exacerbate the suffering of the Somali people, and, the parties that are destabilizing the Horn of Africa region.

Indeed, the Security Council should have supported a genuine political process that is not encumbered by external interferences and that respects the choice of the whole Somali people in “Somaliland”, “Puntland”, Kismayo and other parts of Somalia as well as the Diaspora rather than postponing the solution time and again or seeking scapegoats to cover its failure.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

___________________________ 1 – Radio Chine

L’Ouganda a déclaré vendredi qu’il allait proposer des sanctions contre l’Erythrée aux Nations Unies pour le rôle que joue l’Erythrée dans l’armement et la formation de militants islamistes qui se battent contre le gouvernement fédéral somalien de transition (TFG).

Sam Kuteesa, ministre ougandais des Affaires étrangères, a déclaré aux journalistes que les forces étrangères qui se battent aux côtés des milices Al-Shabaab, utilisent également l’Erythrée pour accéder à la Somalie.

« Il existe des preuves irréfutables selon lesquelles l’ Erythrée ne fait pas qu’armer et entraîner, mais sert également de passage par lequel les militants étrangers en provenance du Pakistan et d’autres pays arrivent pour se battre en Somalie et soutenir Al-Shabaab », a-t-il indiqué.

Il a indiqué que les sanctions ont pour but d’obliger l’Erythrée à arrêter de soutenir les milices qui tentent de renverser le gouvernement somalien.

L’Ouganda assure ce mois-ci la présidence du Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU qui compte 15 membres. Le thème mensuel est la préparation à la promotion de la paix et de la résolution post- conflit.