addition, he says, continued fighting in and around Mogadishu, the capital,
between the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and remnants of the Union
of Islamic Courts forces had resulted in more casualties and violations against
children in 2007.
“The recruitment and use of child soldiers
by the TFG and other armed groups is a significant concern,” he says.
The report says humanitarian access in Somalia has been
severely compromised, with serious implications for children. In the absence
of a functioning police and judiciary, crimes against civilians, including
women and children, are committed with impunity.
According to estimates, at least 1,000 people died and 4,000 more were wounded
in the latest fighting. Another 365,000 were displaced. A medical source told
IRIN that about 40 percent of the wounded who made it to hospitals were children.
"Most of them were school-age," he added.
"Our estimate is that about 80 percent of students and teachers fled
the city [Mogadishu] during the fighting," a civil society source involved
in education told IRIN.
He said his group had established that 43,194 school-going children in 88
schools had been affected by the fighting between Ethiopian-backed government
forces and insurgents. He said the exodus had forced education authorities
to close most of these schools, leaving only a fifth operational.
A group of UN agencies and non-governmental organisations dealing with education,
known as the Education Cluster, said the fighting in Mogadishu had paralysed
the education sector.
"Over 70 percent of primary and secondary schools were closed as children
fled the city with their parents," the group said in a recent report.
Troops had also occupied educational facilities such as the University
of Mogadishu, displacing at least 1,500 students, the group added.
However, the government said on Tuesday that most students had returned
and were resuming their classes.
"Most have returned and the schools have reopened," Information
Minister Madobe Nuunow Muhammad said.
Calling upon teachers and students who have not returned to do so, Muhammed
added that the government would set up a taskforce to assist all returnees,
including students. "We will do everything we can to bring normality
back to the schools."
Another civil society source told IRIN that most students who returned were
now sitting their exams.
"It is exam time and they and their parents want to make sure they don’t
fall back," the source said.