11/04/03 (B193) Dans un rapport les USA reconnaissent que le régime de Guelleh est fort éloigné des principes démocratiques …. (Sources IRIN -ONU- en anglais)

Dans son rapport de 2002
sur les Droits de l’homme à Djibouti, le Département d’Etat
américain avoue que « De serieux problèmes persistent »,
que la vie politique est dominée par le RPP. Il parle du musèlement
de l’opposition, des assassinats arbitraires qui sont systématiquement
couverts par le régime, de l’inexistence d’un système judiciaire
indépendant, bref d’une République où toutes les libertés
sont remises en cause à longueur d’année ….

Nous trouvons intéressant
qu’un pays, et non des moindres, reconnaisse officiellement ce que nous dénonçons
aux côtés des opposants depuis près de 13 ans ! Naturellement,
certains s’étonneront du fait que la France ait toujours jeté
un voile pudique sur les horreurs et les crimes commis par Guelleh.

Et que bien au contraire,
elle soutienne abusivement à coups de rallonges financières,
cette dictature qui serait agonisante sans ces aides providentielles et injustifiées.
Injustifiées, car elles ne contribuent qu’à un seul objectif
: celui d’accroître un peu plus la fortune du tyran.

Il serait peut-être
temps que la communauté internationale se préocupe de l’Etat
des Droits de l’Homme à Djibouti et qu’elle signifie à Guelleh
que les temps sont révolus … pour lui, pour ses méthodes policières
et criminelles et pour les détournements de fonds publics et de subventions
internationales.

____________________________________
Extrait de l’IRIN

DJIBOUTI: Rights record
poor, says US

NAIROBI, 10 April (IRIN)
– The Djibouti government’s human rights record
last year was poor and « serious problems remained », according to
the US
State Department’s annual report.

The report, covering 2002,
said the ruling People’s Rally for Progress had
continued to dominate the political system and suppress organised
opposition.

Other human rights violations
included the arbitrary or unlawful deprivation
of life by the government or its agents.

The report pointed out
that country’s judiciary was not independent and did
not provide citizens with due process. The government had infringed on
privacy rights, limited freedom of assembly and restricted freedom of
association, it added.

The government had also
remained « antagonistic » to the formation of human
rights groups. Violence against women had persisted, « and, although the
government prohibited such practices, the practice of female genital
mutilation (FGM) continued to be widespread ».

However, the report said
that unlike previous years, in 2002 there were no
reports of torture of detainees, nor of politically motivated
disappearances.

29/07/02 Le conflit Afar / Issa en Ethiopie pourrait reprendre de façon alarmante. (Source IRIN / NU)

NDLR : Le conflit
Afar-Issa semble avoir pour origine des raisons de sécheresse.
C’est la première fois, semble-t-il, que les Afars s’enfoncent
aussi profondément dans la région Issa (Shinille se trouve
à coté de Dire-Dawa). Il est imaginable que les Issas se
sentent légitimement l’obligation de répliquer.

_________________________________________________

U N I T E D
N A T I O N S
Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Integrated Regional Information Network (IRIN)

ETHIOPIA:
Ethnic clashes worsening effects of drought

ADDIS ABABA, 29
July (IRIN) – Ethnic clashes have erupted between rival
groups fighting over scarce water sources in Ethiopia’s Afar Region and
surrounding areas, the UN Emergencies Unit for Ethiopia (EUE) has warned.

The Afar and the Issas
have clashed near the Awash River that runs through
their territory while searching for water, according to a report published
by the EUE.

The report states
that some 400 cattle were stolen by the Afar who launched
the attack on the Issas from Shinille zone in Somali Region.

Many clashes between
the groups are being sparked because of the drought
which has had a "devastating" impact on the pastoralists in
the region.
Children are also begging for water at the side of roads, according to
the
report by the EUE, whose mission was carried out in mid-July.

The clashes are worsening
the impact of the drought which has hit Afar
Region and surrounding areas including parts of Oromiya and Somali Regions.

Issa community leaders
told the EUE team that they would have to return to
the water points regardless of the risks if their cattle are to survive.

Conflict has also
meant that traditional watering holes have been left empty
because it is too dangerous to return to the Awash River and refill them.

"Following clashes,
many Somali pastoralists were forced to leave their
traditional water and grazing areas," the report said. "Without
secure
access to water, the very survival of the pastoral community’s livestock
is
threatened."

"Immediate political
solutions are essential to negotiate conflict
resolution between Afar and Issa communities over water and grazing lands,"
it stressed.

The EUE also called
on regional governments in the Afar and Somali Regions
to set up peace talks between clan elders.

Often the clashes
between ethnic groups – who are all nomadic pastoralists –
are triggered because they wander into each other’s territory in search
of
water or pasture.

The condition of livestock
in the region has also declined over the years.
The EUE said that camels, which could go for 15 to 20 days without water,
would now need to drink every three days.