07/12/2016 (Brève 884) L’Égypte s’oppose à l’implantation d’une base militaire saoudienne à Djibouti (Press TV -Iran)

Lien avec l’article: http://presstv.ir/DetailFr/2016/12/06/496729/Arabie-saoudite-Djibouti-Caire-base-militaire–Egypte

Des sources diplomatiques égyptiennes ont révélé que le Caire est hostile à l’implantation d’une base militaire de l’Arabie saoudite à Djibouti.

Citant des sources diplomatiques égyptiennes, le site d’information Al-Khaleej Al-Jadid a fait part des efforts déployés, depuis un mois, par le Caire pour empêcher l’application d’un accord entre l’Arabie saoudite et Djibouti sur la construction d’une base militaire saoudienne au détroit du golfe d’Aden.

Le Caire rejette cet accord, car cette région est « sous la domination politique de l’Égypte et fait partie de la sécurité nationale égyptienne ». En effet; le Caire considère cette zone comme la « profondeur stratégique » de l’Égypte dans le Sud.  

Selon les autorités égyptiennes, cet accord va à l’encontre des normes et règles reconnues par les pays arabes, car, en raison de son impact direct sur le Nil et le canal de Suez, cette région est sous l’influence stratégique de l’Égypte, rapportent les mêmes sources. 

L’Arabie saoudite a l’intention de créer une base militaire à Djibouti. L’ambassadeur de Djibouti à Riyad a déclaré que son pays attendait la signature avec l’Arabie saoudite d’un contrat qui porterait sur la coopération militaire (terrestre, aérienne et maritime).

Les États-Unis, la France, l’Italie et le Japon ont chacun une base militaire à Djibouti. Cela apporte à ce pays 160 millions de dollars par an.

Djibouti compte 830.000 habitants. Grâce à ses multiples ports, ce pays est considéré comme la porte du commerce de l’Afrique. Il est voisin du détroit stratégique de Bab el-Mandeb qui est l’un des couloirs de navigation les plus fréquentés, par où transite 30% du pétrole du monde. 

25/02/09 (B487) Press TV : le Président Iranien en visite à Djibouti. Il lance un appel à tous les musulmans pour qu’ils se regroupent contre l’ennemi. // Ahmadinejad urges Muslim unity against enemy (En Anglais)

Iranian President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (L) with his couterpart, Ismail Omar Guelleh

Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has called on Islamic countries across the world to build a united barrier against the ‘enemy plots’.

« Unity and cooperation between Muslim states will thwart the enemy plot to sow discord between Muslims and spread hegemony over them, » President Ahmadinejad said in a meeting with President of Djibouti Ismail Omar Guelleh on Tuesday.

President Ahmadinejad added that the tyranny of superpowers is at the root of regional conflicts, urging close relations among Muslim countries in face of foreign efforts to break their spirit of solidarity.

Ismail Omar Guelleh, for his part, hailed Iran’s huge leap forward in scientific achievements and called the country ‘self-sufficient’ in modern technology.

The remarks by Djibouti’s president came after Iran on February 3 placed its very own indigenous telecommunications satellite Omid (Hope) into orbit. Omid is designed to transmit data via two frequency bands and eight antennas to an Iranian space station.

At the end of the talks, the foreign ministers of both countries signed five memorandums of understanding on economic cooperation.

President Ahmadinejad arrived in Djibouti at the top of a high-ranking delegation early on Tuesday.

He is now in Kenya on the second leg of his tour to Africa.

President Ahmadinejad and his Kenyan counterpart are expected to begin talks on the bilateral issues and the areas of cooperation during his stay in the country.

17/02/09 (B486) Le journal de la Flibuste / Press TV (Iran) Des drones téléguidés depuis des unités navales américaines poursuivent les pirates dans le Golfe d’Aden. // Navy-operated US drones pursue pirates (En Anglais)

The US Navy in Somalia has started sending unmanned drones to spy on pirates, after the aircraft gained widespread notoriety in Pakistan.

The American servicemen have been directing the drones on a daily basis “to spot potential pirate mother ships”, the Associated Press reported on Sunday.

The US military has also been using the drones to fire rockets at ‘suspected militants’ in tribal areas along the border between Pakistan an Afghanistan.

The attack, which on many occasions, result in civilian casualties have spark outrage among Pakistanis.

The US Navy is a part of an expansive international naval coalition which has put the Gulf of Aden under close watch, following frequent piracy in the region. The armada has, however, been able to stem a few pirate attacks and arrest some of the buccaneers.

The forces present in the region, however, are often accused of acting on their own countries’ mandate rather than forming a united front against the pirates.

If the coalition worked together, piracy ‘could’ decrease said US Rear Admiral, Terence McKnight. He added that the ultimate resolution of the problem depended on Mogadishu and that the country’s political and military stability had to cement until Somalis were able to "patrol their waters themselves."

The official made the remarks while a shaky agreement between the newly-elected Somali government and the opposition has barely let the nation breathe a sigh of relief following 18 years of infighting.

The violence peaked in 2006, when foreign intervention in support of the embattled Somali transitional government was faced with stiff responses from the public and opposition fighters.

At the same time, the country witnessed an increase in the American aerial espionage activities which had started years back under the pretext of ‘keeping track of potential militants’.

23/01/09 (B482-B) Press TV (Iran) De violents combats à Mogadiscio : au moins 35 morts et 50 blessés. // Fierce clashes erupt in Mogadishu (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

At least 35 people have been killed and 50 others wounded in renewed clashes in Mogadishu while thousands of families flee the city.

As the clashes between Somali government soldiers and anti-government forces continue for the third day. At least 20 fighters from both sides and more than 10 civilians had been killed, a Press TV correspondent reported on Wednesday.

More than 7000 families flee the capital as fighting went on in the Wadajir, Yaqshid and Dharkenley districts in southern Mogadishu.

Medical officials at Mogadishu’s main operating hospital, Medina have confirmed that the majority of the casualties were civilians.

Different factions which some of them are not part of peace process that saw the withdrawal of Ethiopians, have taken over bases left vacant by Ethiopians in the capital.

The fighting erupted as neighboring Djibouti hosts Somali delegations which are spearheading peace process and reconciliations efforts for the horn of African nation which had been without an effective government for nearly two decades.

United Nations Special Representative for Somalia Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah on Wednesday arrived in Djibouti to take parts in the power sharing talks between Somali Government and the Alliance for Re-liberation of Somalia, an opposition group.

The country is expected to elect a new president after the former president Abdullahi Yussuf Ahmed, who was involved in a serious power struggle with his Prime Minister Nur Hassan Hussein, resigned last month.

28/11/08 (B476) Press TV / Mogadiscio : SIX morts dans l’explosion d’un mine. // 6 die in Mogadishu’s landmine blasts (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Six people have died in landmine explosions in Hamar Weyene district, near the Somali presidential palace in the capital Mogadishu.

The remote controlled blasts on Thursday targeted a convoy of government soldiers from the nearby presidential palace as they were heading for Hamar Weyne, a Press TV correspondent quoted eyewitnesses as saying.

There were reportedly three government officers and two guards among the dead, said a Somali official on conditions of anonymity.

Nobody has claimed responsibility for the attacks which followed weeks of relative calm in the district of the troubled Somali capital.

Mogadishu has traditionally been the center of conflict between government forces and armed rebels.

According to a Somali military spokesman, Dahir Mohamed Hirsi, many Somali soldiers who were seriously injured in clashes with insurgents have been sent to Nairobi, Kenya.

On Wednesday, the government inked a power-sharing deal with an opposition group, the Alliance for Re-liberation of Somalia (ARS), in Djibouti. The deal envisages the formation of a unity government and an enormous parliament with 550 seats, 200 of which will be filled by the opposition and 75 by members of Somalia’s civil society.

It also extends the Transitional Federal Government’s term, which expires early next year, to three years.

27/11/08 (B475-B) Press TV / Des inconnus ont tué un militaire somalien de haut rang et son garde du corps à Baïdoa. // Somali military official shot dead (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Unknown gunmen have killed a high ranking Somali military official and one of his bodyguards in the south-central city of Baidoa.

The official, the top military figure in the region, was shot dead in Baidoa, 256 kilometers (159 miles) northwest of the capital Mogadishu and the home town of Somalia’s parliament.

Moments later, foreign troops poured into the region but the assailants managed to escape. The troops have cordoned off the area, forcing markets to close down, a Press TV correspondent reported on Tuesday.

Somalia has been without an effective central government since warlords toppled Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991. The ongoing violence in the country has resulted in the death and displacement of countless civilians.

Al-Shabab group, an offshoot of the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC), now controls most of the country, it has also advanced to the suburbs of Mogadishu and Baidoa, which are controlled by Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG).

21/11/08 (B475) Press TV / L’opposition somalienne appelle à la Guerre sainte. Somali opposition leader vows ‘holy war’ (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Sheik Hassan Dahir Aweys, the leader of the Asmara-based oppositionists.

A senior Somali opposition leader has promised to sustain the ‘holy war’ on the country’s government while refusing to compromise with rivals.

« We stick to holy war, we stick to liberation, » said the head of the Somali opposition group, the Union of Islamic Courts (UIC)’s offshoot in Asmara, Eritrea, the Press TV correspondent in Somalia reported on Thursday.

Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys made the remarks taking to task UIC’s Djibouti wing, lead by Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, over their recent conclusion of a peace agreement with the country’s transitional government.

The settlement, aimed at relieving the differences between the government and the oppositionist, accounted for the bipolar division within the group.

Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, head of the rivalling opposition wing in Djibouti.

Dahir Aweys dissociated his devotees from those of the rivaling camp’s saying « these men (Sheikh Sharif’s faction) have joined the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) who were fighting us. They signed an agreement with them. We still stick to our position, we stick to fighting. »

He also delivered a strong warning to Kenya amid news that the country was to deploy peacekeeping forces to the Horn of Africa nation.

« I understand that Kenya is planning to deploy up to Kismayu town (in southern Somalia). Kenya should not burn the thatched house that it is living in. »

The shortage of a viable central administration since 1991 has contributed to unceasing confrontation between the government and the oppositionists who have recently stretched their domain in the violence-scarred country.

18/11/08 (B474) Press TV / Le domicile d’un haut fonctionnaire somalien, directeur de l’aéroport international, été attaqué par des hommes armées. // Home of top Somali official attacked. (Info lecteur – En Anglais)

Armed men attack the home of a Somali official.

Gunmen have attacked the home of a senior Somali government official, killing six guards and injuring another 14 south of the capital.

Abdulahi Gafow Mohamoud, the head of the Aden Adde International airport, was attacked inside his own home as armed men used explosives and gunfire to force their way in, killing six guards an injuring another 14 people in the attack.

According to a Press TV correspondent, Mr. Mohamoud said he knows where the attack was staged from, adding he will retaliate.

The incident happened a day after President Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed told Somali parliamentarians at the Kenyan capital that his government has practically been destroyed by insurgency.

On Saturday, Abdullahi Yusuf urged Somali MPs in Nairobi to return to the country immediately to build a new government.

The president added that the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) controls small parts of Mogadishu and Baidoa and even the two areas are under persistent attacks from the insurgents.