Articles

02/09/07 (B411) ALJAZEERA.NET : Yémen : une manifestation contre la hausse des prix tourne à la violence. Yemeni price protests turn violent (Info lecteur – En anglais)

Yemenis have joined a series of protests against rising prices [EPA]

At least one person has been killed and nine wounded in clashes between Yemeni police and demonstrators protesting against rising prices in the capital, Sanaa.

Yemen has banned protests organised without permission after opposition parties staged several protests in recent weeks to demand the government acts to curb rising prices.

Hussein Basaleh, the head of a human rights group in Sanaa, said on Sunday: « The demonstrator was killed during disturbances that lasted several hours. »

He said one of those wounded in Saturday’s clashes was in a critical condition and witnesses said police made several arrests.

Government officials say the rise is due to a sharp increase in the prices of commodities such as wheat in global markets.

The government has ordered state bodies to import goods and provide them at lower prices.

Retiree anger

About 100 people were arrested on Friday in the southern port city of Aden while preparing to demonstrate for better benefits for retired personnel but most were later freed, witnesses and officials said.

The Council for the Coordination of Retired Groups organised the protest to demand increased support for more than 60,000 retirees from the military and civil service, many of whom insist they were forced to stop work early.

On August 28 thousands of protesters gathered in Sanaa to call for the Yemeni government to resign because of falling living standards and rising food prices.

In July 2005, at least 22 people were killed and 375 wounded when police clashed with demonstrators during two days of protests in Sanaa and several provincial towns against a sharp rise in fuel prices.

Four out of 10 Yemenis live on less than $2 a day, according to Britain’s department for international development, which says Yemen’s oil, its main earnings source, is expected to dry up by 2015.

03/09/07 (B411) SH Network : Violents combats dans la nuit en Somalie – Heavy fighting erupts overnight in Somali Capital. (Info lecteur – En Anglais)

Mogadishu 02, Sept.07 ( Sh.M.Network) A heavy fighting broke out in Mogadishu late last night and in this fighting both the fighting groups exchanged different kinds of weapons including rocket propel grenades, motors , and both heavy and light machine guns.

The actual place where this confrontation happened was around the textile and milk factories. This fighting was between the government forces and the opposing groups who attacked the military bases in these places.

The number of casualties could not be verified because it was in the mid of the night.

When Shabelle Media Net Work contacted this morning the police spokes person Mr. Abdu Wahid informed Shabelle that unknown groups attacked government forces garrisons and in response the government forces defended themselves.

Mr. Abdu Wahid also said that in their side they got no lose at all, and search operations are under way in the scene of last nights fight.

However day after day the attacks carried by the armed groups against the government forces is rising

The troubles that were happening in the city for the past one week claimed the lives of 20 people.

02/09/07 (B411) JDD : Borrel : Guelleh dans la mire (Info lectrice)

Par Grégory BLACHIER

Deux proches du président djiboutien Ismaël Omar Guelleh ont été renvoyés en correctionnelle par la justice française, dans le cadre de l’enquête pour « subornation de témoin » dans l’affaire Borrel. Les convocations du procureur général de Djibouti et du chef des services secrets confortent la veuve de Bernard Borrel, qui accuse Guelleh d’avoir commandité l’assassinat de son époux.

Une première victoire judiciaire »: Mardi, l’avocat d’Elisabeth Borrel, veuve du magistrat français Bernard Borrel, retrouvé mort en octobre 1995 à Djibouti, s’est félicité du renvoi en justice de deux personnalités de premier plan. Par ordonnance du 20 août, le procureur général de Djibouti, Djama Souleiman Ali, et le chef des services secrets, Hassan Saïd Khaireh, ont été renvoyé devant le tribunal correctionnel de Versailles, dans le cadre de l’enquête pour « subornation de témoin » parallèle à celle qui vise à déterminer les causes et les responsabilités dans la mort du juge.

Le dossier instruit à Versailles concerne des tentatives de pression sur un témoin, Mohamed Saleh Alhoumekani, qui dit avoir entendu, dans la nuit du 19 au 20 octobre 1995, à une conversation sur l’élimination d’un « juge fouineur ». Selon lui, plusieurs officiels, dont Ismaël Omar Guelleh, participaient à cette discussion dans les jardins du palais présidentiel. Le procureur général et le chef des services secrets auraient essayé de pousser le témoin à revenir sur ses déclarations.

Convoqués en 2005 par le juge d’instruction, ils avaient refusé de venir s’exprimer. Il en sera de même cette fois, puisque leur avocat, Me Francis Szpiner, a annoncé dans la journée qu’ils ne répondraient pas à la convocation. « Bien entendu, ni le procureur général, ni le conseiller à la sécurité nationale ne déféreront à cette convocation, parce qu’ils ont expliqué que la coopération judiciaire entre les deux pays étant suspendue, ils ne recevront pas l’autorisation de se rendre », a-t-il dit sur France Infos, parlant à propos du comportement français de « condescendance ».

Les deux mis en cause seront donc jugés en leur absence.

« La justice française pointe la responsabilité du président » Guelleh

Aujourd’hui, les deux hommes font donc l’objet de mandats d’arrêt internationaux, valant mise en examen. Et l’ordonnance présente d’autant plus de valeur aux yeux d’Elisabeth Borrel et de son avocat qu’ils sont des proches du président djiboutien, Ismaël Omar Guelleh, accusé par la veuve du magistrat d’avoir commandité l’assassinat de son époux. « Ce qui constitue une première victoire judiciaire pour Mme Borrel, c’est que derrière le renvoi de ces dignitaires djiboutiens proches du pouvoir, la justice française pointe du doigt la responsabilité de l’actuel président de la République de Djibouti », a ainsi commenté Me Olivier Morice.

Après avoir obtenu, sur la foi des témoignages des experts légistes, que la thèse de l’assassinat soit privilégiée, plutôt que celle du suicide, la veuve Borrel et son représentant espèrent donc mettre en lumière la manipulation politique qui est, selon eux, à l’origine de la mort de Bernard Borrel. En juillet dernier, un responsable militaire a déclaré devant la juge Sophie Clément, chargée de l’enquête sur les faits proprement dits, que le juge Borrel, officiellement coopérant français et conseiller technique chargé de refonder le code pénal, enquêtait sur des « trafics » présumés auxquels se livrait Guelleh, alors chef de cabinet du président. Ces investigations étaient menées, selon le militaire, à la demande du ministre de la Justice, lequel sera arrêté peu après la mort du juge.

Le dossier est émaillé d’autres manipulations présumées qui alimentent la position de Mme Borrel. Ainsi les deux juges qui enquêtent sur les contours de l’affaire ont-elles perquisitionné, en juillet, le domicile de Michel de Bonnecorse, ancien M. Afrique de l’Elysée.

Elles cherchent à établir si le pouvoir politique français a exercé des pressions sur la juge Sophie Clément pour que le dossier d’instruction soit transmis aux autorités de Djibouti, ce que la magistrate avait toujours refusé. Avec la mise en examen du procureur de Djibouti, ces éléments accréditent la version des Borrel, celle d’un assassinat politique.

Le président Guelleh, lui, continue de nier toute implication dans la mort de Bernard Borrel.

03/09/07 (B411) BBC : les rebelles de l’Ogaden accepter une trève durant la visite de la délégation des Nations Unies chargée d’évaluer les faits qui se sont produits dans la région. Ethiopia rebels ‘agree UN truce’ (En anglais – Info lectrice/lecteur)

Ethiopia’s Somali region is also known as the Ogaden

Rebels in south-eastern Ethiopia say they will observe a ceasefire for the week-long visit of a UN delegation.

The team is probing rights violations and humanitarian issues in the conflict between troops and the Ogaden National Liberation Front in the Somali region.

The ONLF has been fighting for independence for ethnic Somalis in the region for more than 20 years.

The conflict flared in April when the ONLF attacked a Chinese-run exploration team, killing 74 people.

In a statement, the ONLF said its fighters had been instructed to cease all offensive military operations to provide maximum security for the UN team.

Large parts of the region have been inaccessible to outside agencies in recent months as Ethiopian troops attempt to suppress the rebel insurgency.

The BBC’s Elizabeth Blunt in Addis Ababa says there are reported to be food shortages, disease outbreaks and serious human rights violations in some areas.

In its statement, the ONLF urged « mission team members to visit all parts in order to investigate war crimes and not limit their mission to the few routes approved by the [governing] regime ».

But our correspondent says it is hard to imagine that the UN team will be either willing or able to travel in central Somali region, also known as the Ogaden, without security clearance from the Ethiopian armed forces.

The 14-member UN team includes representatives of the World Food Programme, World Health Organization and the UN Commission for Human Rights.

The ONLF draws its support from Somali clans and accuses the authorities of imposing a blockade on five districts, choking off commercial trade.

01/09/07 (B411) SH Network. Le Gouvernement somalien « démissionne » par décret, son propre ambassadeur en Ethiopie, sans que l’on en connaisse les véritables motivations – Somali govt. sacks its ambassador to Ethiopia (En Anglais – info lecteur)

Somalia transitional federal government has issued a decree sacking its ambassador to Ethiopia.

The Ambassador, Abdi Kariin Laqanyo had been also representing Somali the envoy to African union in Addis Abba.

According to the government spokesman, Abdi Haji Gobdon, the government has appointed a new ambassador to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, after the former ambassador had been stripped his ambassadorial duty.

Adding that his government has transferred Mr.Abdi Karin Farah Laqanyo to another country, but the spokesman did mention where the former Ambassador appointed to.

The decree sacking the emissary comes as the government appointed Yusuf Nur to be the news ambassador to Ethiopia as Abdi Haji Gob don told Radio Shabelle.

It is unclear why the ambassador was fired.

02/09/07 (B411) BBC – L’Ethiopie bloque les actions de MSF en Ogaden. Cette décision intervient alors qu’une mission des Nations Unies pour évaluer les faits, se déplace dans la région. L’ONLF signale des tentatives de harcèlement des populations, pour qu’elles ne communiquent aucune information ni témoignage aux enquêteurs de l’ONU, sous peine de représailles – Ethiopia ‘blocking MSF in Ogaden’ (Info lectrice)

By Martin Plaut
BBC Africa editor

International aid agency Medecins Sans Frontiers has accused Ethiopia of denying it access to the country’s eastern Ogaden region.

The barren region has recently been the scene of a fierce conflict between government troops and rebel forces.

The exclusion follows an order to the Red Cross to stop operations in Ogaden.

The rebels accuse the government of imposing a blockade and creating what they described as a man-made famine. Ethiopia denies imposing no-go zones.

UN mission

Ogaden, stretching eastwards from the Ethiopian highlands deep into Somalia, is known as Region Five by the Ethiopian government.

A conflict has been raging in the area since April, when fighters of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) attacked a Chinese-run exploration team, killing 74 people.

The ONLF, which draws its support from Somali clans, accuses the authorities of imposing a blockade on five districts, choking off commercial trade.

Aid agencies say roads have been closed. Prices are reported to have risen sharply.

An unpublished report by one aid organisation shows that local people produce only a quarter of the food they need, trading their livestock to pay for the rest.

Locals say that the Ethiopians are now escorting some government authorised traders into the area, but there are fears that villagers accused of supporting the rebels may not get access to the food.

Some contraband trade is getting through, on the backs of donkeys, but not in very large quantities.

The UN is now deeply concerned, and has published a map showing the areas of fighting.

It includes areas described as being under a commercial food embargo and one area in which villagers are being forcibly relocated, though the government denies imposing any no-go zones.

A UN team – which is now in the region – should throw more light on what is taking place, if they can have unrestricted access to areas of conflict.

02/09/07 (B411) Communiqué de l’ONLF. Selon cette organisation, les éthiopiens, dans une tentative de la dernière chance, tenteraient de menacer tous les villageois de l’Ogaden des pires représailles, s’ils donnaient le moindre détail sur les exactions et crimes de guerre commis dans la région où la mission de l’ONU doit se rendre.ONLF Statement on Civilian (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

In a desperate attempt to conceal war crimes in Ogaden, the Ethiopian regime has begun to threaten civilians living along the planned routes of the recently announced United Nations Fact Finding Mission To Ogaden. villagers and pastoralists are being told
they will suffer the consequences if they share details of war crimes with members of the mission.

The Tigray Peoples Liberation Front (TPLF) led regime continues to commit war crimes against the people of Ogaden with the latest war crime occuring when much of the Village of Marameydh located between the towns of Garbo and Dhenaan was torched by Ethiopian troops on 29th August 2007.

Given continued war crimes at the hands of this regime despite the presence of a United Nations Fact Finding Mission, the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) calls upon the United Nations to thoroughly investigate war crimes in Ogaden and guarantee the safety of civilians who provide war crimes related information to members of the mission.

The ONLF welcomes the decision by the United Nations to send a fact finding mission to Ogaden as a prudent first step in addressing the current humanitarian and human rights crisis in Ogaden

Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF)
onlfpress@onlf.org

02/09/07 (B411) Deux ingénieurs étrangers enlevés au Yémen, en raison d’un conflit sur l’application d’un contrat de travail – Two foreigners kidnapped in Yemen (En Anglais – Info lecteur)

Two foreign engineers and their local driver have been kidnapped by a Yemeni tribe because of a dispute over a work contract, the official Saba news agency has reported.

Saba identified the engineers as Athram Nafour Kaftar, an Indian-born Canadian citizen and Osama Mohammed Aslab, a Syrian, and the driver as Yemeni national Amaar Abdul Karim.

The men were kidnapped on Friday in the southern province of Abyan because of a dispute over an agreement between their firm and a contractor who belongs to a local tribe, Saba reported on Saturday.

Local officials have received assurances the kidnapped men are alive and well, but a military unit has been put on alert in case the incident is not resolved peacefully, Saba added.

Foreigners are frequently seized by Yemen’s powerful tribes for use as bargaining chips in disputes with the central government. More than 200 have been abducted during the past 15 years in the impoverished Arabian peninsula republic.

All have been freed unharmed except for three Britons and an Australian seized in December 1998. They were killed when security forces stormed the kidnappers’ hideout.